Contents

Dealey Plaza


Aerial view of Dealey Plaza in Dallas Texas. Texas School Book Depository building is at center-top. The "grassy knoll" is down and left from there.
Courtesy Stewart Galanor.

On November 22, 1963, at 12:30 PM, President Kennedy’s motorcade entered Dealey Plaza in Dallas. Shots rang out, striking both President Kennedy and Texas Governor John Connally. Pandemonium ensued, and the Presidential limousine sped off onto the nearby highway toward Parkland Hospital. Many in the crowd which had lined the streets surged up to an area which would later be termed the "grassy knoll," where some witnesses saw smoke. Others pointed to the Texas School Book Depository building as the source of the shots.

Dallas Police and the FBI took many witness statements, and later the Warren Commission interviewed some of the Dealey Plaza witnesses. Photographs and films were also taken in Dealey Plaza, which the Warren Commission largely ignored but which were studied by private researchers and later the House Select Committee on Assassinations. The HSCA did a study of what witnesses said about the number and direction of shots – this study is disputed by an online reference created by Stewart Galanor, called the Dealey Plaza Witness Database.

The crime scene in Dealey Plaza contains other clues to the direction and number of shots, and thus the number of shooters, beyond the witness accounts. A bystander, James Tague, was struck in the cheek by a piece of concrete flung up by a missed shot. In addition, the Zapruder film home movie sets a "clock" for the assassination. Given firing time constraints, these are important factors in evaluating the plausibility of a one-gunman scenario.

Did the FBI, Warren Commission, and HSCA ignore or mis-represent what witnesses saw and heard? Is it possible to make sense of the witness testimony in Dealey Plaza? And is that testimony corroborated or contradicted by film, photographic, and acoustic evidence?


Visit the interactive Dealey Plaza Witness Database.



Click on left image to view Dealey Plaza using Google Maps, and right image to view satellite view of Dealey Plaza.

RESOURCES:

Essays


Grassy Knoll, by Spartacus Educational.

Dealey Plaza, by John McAdams.

The Grassy Knoll, by Stewart Galanor.

Original Witness Statements, by Lisa Pease.

The Secret Service Agent on the Knoll, by Debra Conway.

The Man Who Wasn't There, by Chris Mills.

The Man Who Wasn't There, Was There?, by Michael T. Griffith.

The Umbrella Man, by Ralph Schuster.

Lee Bowers' View, by Greg Jaynes.

59 Witnesses: Delay on Elm Street, by Vince Palamara.

Ed Hoffman vs. "Badgeman", by Ron Friedrich.

 
Documents


Warren Report sections:

HSCA Report sections:

Dealey Plaza Conspiracy Witnesses - Staff Report in Volume XII of HSCA Report.

Comments On This Page


Multimedia

Motorcade Films. Films taken of th e Dallas motorcade and the assassination.


Books of Interest

    Whitewash
Harold Weisberg
Mary Ferrell Foundation Press, 1965, 2006
 
    Fifty-One Witnesses: The Grassy Knoll
Harold Feldman
Idlewild Publishing Company, 1965
 
    Accessories After the Fact
Sylvia Meagher
Vintage Books, 1967, 1976
 
    Cover-Up
Stewart Galanor
Kestrel Books, 1998
 
    Nightmare in Dallas
Beverly Oliver and Coke Buchanan
Starburst Publishers, 1994
 
    Crossfire: The Plot That Killed Kennedy
Jim Marrs
Carroll & Graf, 1989
 
    Eyewitness to History
Howard L. Brennan and Edward J. Cherryholmes
Texian Press, 1987
 
    The Girl on the Stairs
Barry Ernest
self-published, 2010

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