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Pseudonym: Lugton, Stephen

Definition:
Unknown identity. A memo on February 20, 1954, mentioned that Lugton was among a list of cryptonyms and pseudonyms who had been exposed to President Somoza.
Category:
pseudonym
Status:
Unknown
Discussion:
Stephen R. Lugton appeared to be in close contact with Calligeris (Carlos Castillo Armas) in February and March of 1954.
Sources:

Foreign Relations of the United States, 1952-1954: Guatemala Current Section: 82. 1/11/54-Dispatch From the CIA Chief of Station in Guatemala (Givloch) to the Chief of the Western Hemisphere Division, Central Intelligence Agency

01/11/54: Dispatch from Kenneth S. Givloch, COS, Guatemala to Chief, Western Hemisphere Division: Subject: General - PBSUCCESS: Specific: Stephen R. Lugton: "1. In accordance with instructions received from Lugton, material received from him for forwarding is being placed in envelopes marked 'To Lincoln, for Jerome C. Dunbar only' and included in Station Guatemala pouches for Washington. As per his request, only one copy of such material has been made and therefore station files will contain no record of information submitted by him. This station will therefore not be held responsible for being knowledgeable of information submitted by him. 2. It is assumed that the policy of handling his material and the principle expressed is in accord with the wishes of Lincoln and Headquarters. If not, this station would appreciate being advised."

Foreign Relations of the United States, 1952-1954: Guatemala Current Section: 90. 1/30/54-Telegram From the Central Intelligence Agency to Operation PBSUCCESS Headquarters in Florida

01/30/54: Telegram to Operation PBSUCCESS Headquarters in Florida: "36511. 1. Persons with ultimate KUBARK (CIA) authority have agreed that decision re future of PBSUCCESS will be made on Monday 1 February 1954. Between now and Monday forward all available information in detail re status of operation regardless of how unimportant it may seem. Include with information the following: A. Exact location SCRANTON and SARAMAC. B. Details of current cover situation Seekford, Lugton, Merton, and Middlecott. C. Estimate of extent of compromise and disclosure of KUBARK interest from Delgado’s intercepts while acting as courier. D. Any other information of value not covered in A, B, and C. 2. Urge that Calligeris write up an appreciation of the situation to include the extent and details that may be in hands of the Arbenz forces. 3. Recall Iden A to LINC immediately. Imperative he not travel through WSBURNT (Guatemala) or even chance flying over country. He should proceed direct from KMFLUSH (Nicaragua) to Iden B and thence directly to LINCOLN. No exception may be taken to that pattern of travel. 4. Consider seriously the advisability of withdrawing Iden C from WSBURNT if his position appears to be in any danger of compromise. 5. Telecon 30 January 1954 will serve no purpose. Decisions cannot be made. Will advise you 1 February 1954 as to future actions. (2).."

https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/DOC_0000913505.pdf

02/09/54: Cable from Lincoln to Director: "1. Request four agent medium level secret writing systems be procured and sent to Lincoln for use in field by KUFIRE (Intelligence) agents. Systems will be sent to field by Lincoln as need arises. One end of system will be controlled by Stephen R. Lugton. 2. If possibility desire delivery Lincoln by 20 February. Please advise availability."

Foreign Relations of the United States, 1952-1954: Guatemala Current Section: 103. 2/20/54-Memorandum From the Chief of the Western Hemispher Division, Central Intelligence Agency (King) to the Deputy Director for Plans of the C

02/20/54: Memorandum from Chief, Western Hemisphere Division to Deputy Director for Plans (Wisner): Subject: Compromise of Cable Traffic - PBSUCCESS: Page 2: ..."c. The follwing is a list of those cryptonyms and pseudonyms which were exposed to President Somoza, (REDACTION) and an indeterminable number of others: LINCOLN (LINC), (REDACTION), (REDACTION), KUGOWN, Seekford, KUFIRE, PBSUCCESS, Cadick, LUGTON, GUAT, KUHOOK, (REDACTION), Calligeris, (REDACTION), WSHOOPS, ODYOKE, SARAMAC, SROBA, SCRANTON, LINCOLN Security Officer/Customs at New Orleans: Compromising phrases. KMFLUSH, MT/1, Pivall, MT/3, (REDACTION)."

https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/DOC_0000135976.pdf

02/28/54: Cable from Lincoln to Director: Slugline RYBAT PBSUCCESS: "1. Release $5,000 station reserve to Lugton to place disposition Calligeris. 2. For Lugton; money is to serve as tiding-over fund until arrival Ontrich with total budget and explanations discrepancies from submitted total. Inform Calligeris fund solely for org and maintenance. This fund to be applied against specific budgetary items to be explained by Ontrich. 3. Ontrich ETA."

Foreign Relations of the United States, 1952-1954: Guatemala Current Section: 112. 3/9/54-Dispatch From Operation PBSUCCESS Headquarters in Florida to the Chief of the Western Hemisphere Division, Central Intelligence Agency

03/09/54: Dispatch from Jerome C. Dunbar, Operation PBSUCCESS Headquarters in Florida to Chief, Western Hemisphere Division: Subject: Calligeris' Status in Honduras: "1. In an ifnormal memorandum dated 1 March 1954, (2) Stephen R. Lugton reported that Calligeris had been in contact with the Minister of Foreign Relations in Honduras. The Minister told Calligeris that President Galvez would be much more willing to support Calligeris as far as freedom of movement, black flights, etc, are concerned if Galvez would receive confirmation of the sensitivity and authenticity of the Calligeris movement from a third party. (3) Calligeris told Lugton that until the 'Group' makes the necessary gestures to Galvez via whatever channels they may choose, he will be limited in what he can accomplish. 2. The above is submitted for your information and possible guidance in levying an appropriate request on ODACID (U.S. State Department)."

https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/DOC_0000136031.pdf

03/23/54: Cable from Lincoln to Director: FOR LUGTON: PASS TO CALLIGERIS PRIORITY BASIS: Slugline PBSUCCESS RYBAT: "1. Important you exercise leadership and inform SARANAC (Paramilitary training site in Nicaragua) trainees by personal letter supplemented by verbal orders from Gonzales. A. Training is intentionally rugged. B. Facilities are limited due security and time element. C. Those who cannot stand up to peculiarities preparation for this business will only 'be in way' this point forward. D. Remind them a leader's capabilities are reflected in his men and your dislike derogatory reflection. 2. Also indicate your personal moral backing of Pivall and your expection his complete support by trainees in all problems. 3. Insure any future arrivals briefed thus prior to departing you."

https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/DOC_0000916848.pdf

03/30/54: Dispatch from Lincoln to Chief, WH: Subject: General: Operational. Specific: Salvador Nets: "Attached is a copy of a chart submitted by Stephen R. Lugton, described as a breakdown of Salvador nets drawn up by (REDACTION) Calligeris personnel. Jerome C. Dunbar."

Contributors:
Gavin McDonald

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