Pseudonym: Guymers, Charles S.
5/11/60 notes of a contact report re meeting with Serafino Romualdi by Keith L. MacPhee: Romualdi met with Sanchez Arango/AMEER-3 for three hours on May 6; stated that opposition to Castro growing and that young element of the Autentico Party under Varona is particularly strong in Camaguey and Oriente provinces...Guymers (met with Eusebio Mujal on 5/13/60 and) indicated Mujal had recently seen Spruillo Braden again. Braden said he intended to contact Allen Dulles to arrange for Dulles/Mujal contact -impression that contact would be in writing. Seeking funds to finance activities inside Cuba. Guymers requested $300 a month for (Rafael) Otero... (Guymers wanted to) assure Sanchez Arango that he had a direct channel to Guymers and through Guymers to the US labor movement." See 5/26/60, 104-10167-10018, last page: "FRD intends (to) use Rafael Otero Borlaff, formerly with ORIT, as one of its contacts with Hemisphere Labor. Thus please advise BGACTRESS delay any Guymers/Mujal payments to Otero until Parlett/Droller has chance (to) brief all concerned." See 6/13/60 memo, "3 weeks we learned from BGACTRESS that Eusebio Mujal was about to organize a Frente Sindicial Democratico and that BGACTRESS sources AMHAWK was involved in this. Parlett questioned AMHAWK and AMWAIL on this particular Frente and both expressed complete ignorance."
Harry Kelber, The AFL-CIO's Dark Past (2004): http://www.laboreducator.org/darkpast4.htm
Romualdi, it turned out, was “the principal CIA agent for labor operations in Latin America,” says Philip Agee in his book, “CIA Diary.” Agee worked for the Central Intelligence Agency as a field officer in Latin America for most of a dozen years. Romualdi had ties with the CIA even before he became the ORIT director and continued to serve the spy agency into the early 1960’s...AFL-CIO President George Meany became unhappy with ORIT; there was too much squabbling among its member countries and not much was being accomplished. After nine years, ORIT ceased to exist, and in 1962 Meany set up a new international labor organization that he could control, the American Institute of Free Labor Development (AIFLD). The new organization invited some of the most powerful American businessmen with heavy investments in Latin America to sit on its board, including representatives of Exxon and Shell oil corporations, IBM, Koppers and Gillette. It even made J. Peter Grace, head of the United Fruit Company, the biggest foreign landowner in Latin America, as its chairman.
This list of pseudonyms provided to the HSCA by the CIA identifies "CHARLES GUYMERS" as a pseudonym for #65. Another document provided by the CIA to HSCA identifies #65 as "SERAFINO ROMUALDI". See 104-10079-10014, page 12 of 16 (next reference).
This page in the HSCA Segregated Collection shows the identification of #65 in the document above is "Serafino ROMUALDI
Philip Agee, CIA Diary: Inside the Company
Speaking of the AIFLD's creation in 1962, he states that AIFLD is "Washington's answer to the limitations of current labor programs undertaken through AID as well as through ORIT and CIA stations." The problem, says Agee, was "how to accelerate expansion of labor organizing activities in Latin America in order to deny workers to labor unions dominated by the extreme left and to reverse communist and Castroite penetration." "AID programs," says Agee, "are limited because of their direct dependence on the U.S. government.... ORIT (note: Inter-American Regional Labor Organization - Romualdi was its director in the 1950s) programs are limited because its affiliates are weak or non-existent in some countries....The CIA station programs are limited by personnel problems, but more so by the limits on the amount of money that can be channeled covertly through the stations and through international organizations like ORIT and ICFTU. Under the official cover of "adult education," AIFLD sets up social projects such as workers' housing, credit unions and cooperatives. AIFLD's major task, however, is similar to ORIT's in that it seeks to organize anti-communist labor unions in Latin America. To this end, AIFLD set up training institutes which would carry on the teaching of courses presently being given by AIFLD members. And although administrate control of the training institutes in Washington would be by AIFLD, it was hoped that the institutes themselves would be headed by salaried CIA agents under operational control of the local CIA station...In 1956, Romualdi, along with labor attaché Irving Salert and U.S. ambassador James C. Dunn, arranged to have Brazilian labor leaders visit the U.S. AIFLD's goal was the "development of a core of labor leaders who, by commanding the enthusiastic support of the rank and file, could turn back Communist attempts to capture the Brazilian labor movement."
03/04/63, CIA cable, JMWAVE-DIR: Slugline TYPIC KUWOLF: "1. AMOT/20 reported 1 Mar that maverick group CRC labor leaders including Marcos Hirigoyen, Rogelio Roig, Rolando Pinera, Agustin Falcon and Enrique Ovieda of FORDC planning new labor org to replace FORDC. 2. At 28 Feb meeting this group in Montecristi offices Hirigoyen announced that once formally organized they would get full recognition with Finan backing from CRC and limitless funds from AFL-CIO. On latter he claimed have promise from George Meany through Messrs Romualdi and McLellan of large funds if compromise made with Mujal and CTCE. 3. These minor political crises detract from KUWOLF activities for which FORDC funded. If above report has basis in fact please explain situation to cleared contacts in AFL-CIO with request they desist in discussions which although obviously intended contribute to exile labor unity actually result in divisive activity." 1. AMOT/20 reported 1 Mar that maverick group CRC labor leaders including Marcos Hirigoyen, Rogelio Roig, Rolando Pinera, Agustin Falcon and Enrique Ovieda of FORDC planning new labor org to replace FORDC. 2. At 28 Feb meeting this group in Montecristi offices Hirigoyen announced that once formally organized they would get full recognition with Finan backing from CRC and limitless funds from AFL-CIO. On latter he claimed have promise from George Meany through Messers Romualdi and McLellan of large funds if compromise made with Mujal and CTCE. 3. These minor political crises detract from KUWOLF activities for which FORDC funded. If above report has basis in fact PLS explain situation to cleared contacts in AFL-CIO with request they desist in discussions which although obviously intended contribute to exile labor unity actually result in divisive activity." END OF MESSAGE
6/26/60, Memorandum for the Record: Guymers said to Eusebio Mujal it must be done thru the FRD, and with Cuban workers themselves deciding the labor group to work with the FRD. Mujal told Guymers the FBI told him to tell his supporters not to try to assassinate the Castros, Che Guevara, etc. Guymers told Mujal the FBI cannot deport anyone without a court hearing and "tell the FBI to mind its own business".
10/17/63 cable DIR 76398 from CA/4 to Mexico City and Panama City, slugline DTDORIC ZRSIGN: "GUYMERS ETA Mexico City 17 Oct...with QRSAFE. GUYMERS staying Continental Hilton will return HQS 20 Oct. Suggest station contact as "friend of BOBBY" to monitor and debrief GUYMERS of ZRSIGN activities."
12/3/63: cable WAVE 8469 from JMWAVE to CA/0 4, slugline DTDORIC ZRFANON PBRUMEN: "...prefer arrange train potential labor leaders among Cuban exiles among auspices (of) FORDC as discussed with IDEN on recent TDY WAVE. Henry P. REBHOLTZ will outline proposal at HQS 4-6 Dec."
12/13/63 cable DIR 89054 from CA/4 to Panama City, info WAVE, slugline DTDORIC/ZRFANON/ZRSIGN/PBRUMEN: "GUYMERS January course already filled including five ORIT Mexi but no Cubans. He suggested possibility for April course. Will advise."
In 1965, while reporting for Nation magazine, Sidney Lens tried to interview Jay Lovestone Director of the AFL-CIO International Department about its role in labor affairs in British Guiana. (Note: Lovestone was a witting source for CI chief James Angleton)...Others interviewed included Serafino ROMUALDI of the AIFLD (American Institute for Free Labor Development). "Lens accused Romualdi of being a CIA agent, and he characterized both the AFL-CIO International Department and the AIFLD of being "fronts for CIA". At page 3 of 12, CI director James Angleton indicates his concern that Lens may be working with the Communists, and asks the FBI to keep him apprised of Lens' movements.