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Pseudonym: Cawood, Paul

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Definition:
Paul R. Cawood was probably Cleveland C. Cram.
Category:
pseudonym
Status:
Probable
Discussion:
Paul R. Cawood may have been based in London from 1963 to at least 1965. Cawood dealt with matters related to AELADLE (Anatoliy Golitsyn) in 1962-1963.

Two cables to Ottawa in 1973 were for Eyes Only Cawood.

Cleveland C. Cram's obituary in The Washington Post in January of 1999 stated that "in the course of his career, Dr. Cram had two lengthy assignments in London; he was the agency's deputy station chief during one of the postings. He headed the British desk at CIA headquarters in the late 1950s and early 1960s. He later was station chief in the Netherlands and the CIA representative to the NATO Security Committee. His final assignment was as station chief in Canada. He retired in 1975."

In addition, a FBI memo on August 12, 1971, stated that "Cleveland C. Cram is the CIA representative in Ottawa." This was still the case until at least June of 1972.

Cleveland C. Cram's assignments in London and his final assignment as station chief in Canada appears to match those of Paul R. Cawood. Therefore, it is probable that Paul R. Cawood was a pseudonym for Cleveland C. Cram.

On December 12, 1960, Maurice Oldfield, of MI-6, sent a letter to Cleveland Cram on Alberto Fernandez and his group: https://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=225777#relPageId=1
Sources:

104-10169-10134: LIAIAON/AKLADLE IDENTIFICATION OF PHOTOGRAPHS OF SOVIET OFFICIALS ASSIGNED TO U.K.

03/06/62: Dispatch from AC/WE to COS, London: "On 28 December 1961, AELADLE (Anatoliy Golitsyn) was shown a collection of photographs of Soviet officials assigned in the United Kingdom. The collection contained photographs identified only a number of keyed to a list of identities which was not shown to him. From the collection of over 250 photographs, AELADLE recognized and commented on nine individuals. His remarks, listed in attachment, may be passed to SMOTH (MI-6) and JAGUAR (MI-5). (Information in right column of attachment comes from Headquarters' files). Paul R. Cawood." Originating Officer: Russell Holmes, WE/6. Coordinating Officers: (Signature), C/SR/CI. James Angleton, C/CI. Releasing Officer: Cleveland C. Cram, C/WE/6.

104-10181-10054: DISPATCH-QUESTIONS TO ASK MRS. SLOBODA

05/18/62: Dispatch from Chief, SR via Chief, WE to COS, London: Subject: REDWOOD/LCIMPROVE/Vladimir O. Sloboda: "1. ODIBEX (U.S. Army) has provided the attached questions for (REDACTION) to ask Mrs. Sloboda. 2. (REDACTION) assistance in this matter is greatly appreciated. Doris M. Killgo. Paul R. Cawood." Originating Officer: L. Lyon, SR/CI/RED, Ext: 6991. Coordinating Officers: (Signature) Stephen Roll, C/SR/CI/RED. (Signature), SR/2/S. (Signature), CI/OPS/SS. Withheld, WE/6. Releasing Officer: Withheld, C/WE/6.

104-10262-10145: DISPATCH: TRANSMITTAL OF AELADLE MATERIAL

07/09/62: Dispatch from Chief, WE to COS, Ottawa: "As per Reference, attached hereto for Station files are copies of transcripts of reels C-1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 covering SMABLE (Royal Canadian Mounted Police) interrogation of AELADLE (Anatoliy Golitsyn). Paul R. Cawood." (Note: handwriting below signature).

104-10172-10227: FOLLOWING WILL BE SUMMARY OF REF CABLES WHICH REPORTED IN DETAIL ON BREAKING OF AELADLE STORY IN PRESS HERE PLUS STATION COMMENTS.

07/15/63: Cable from London to Director: RYBAT AELADLE: IMMEDIATE ACTION: "1. Following will be summary of ref cables which reported in detail on breaking of AELADLE (Anatoliy Golitsyn) story in press here plus station comment. Affair began when Daily Telegraph correspondent approached aliens dept of Home Office at noon 11 July with story that Telegraph had heard from their U.S. contact that Russian had defected in U.S. and was later brought to U.K. This story was immediately reported to JAGUAR (MI-5). SMEARER told Cawood that SMARTY took position that press must not be deluded because since they were clearly on to AELADLE. A 'no comment' response would be confirmatory and a denial..."

104-10172-10221: CAWOOD DISCUSSED WITH SUBJECT WHETHER THERE WAS ANY NEW INFO RE AELADLE'S REACTIONS TO EVENTS OF LAST WEEKEND

07/17/63: Cable from London to Director: RYBAT AELADLE: REF: LOND 3485 (IN 79667): "Cawood discussed with (REDACTION) 17 July whether there was any new info re AELADLE's (Anatoliy Golitsyn) reactions to events of last weekend. (REDACTION) said there had been unusual reactions from AELADLE and during whole affair he had very much kept his head and a good sense of balance about whole matter. (REDACTION) believes barring publication of picture or very accurate physical description (which can only be fed in by RIS) he believes it most unlikely AELADLE will be detected although he says obviously one can never rule out the inquisitive busybody who may decide someone is suspicious and might, in such instance, accurately finger AELADLE. On other hand, he noted that wrong physical description put out by Daily Telegraph on person they misidentified as AELADLE should give AELADLE a bit of additional protection. (REDACTION) said laying on arrangements for AELADLE's secure reception and disposition in UK had been a very testing task and it was because he thought (REDACTION) had been so successful that he was all the more dismayed and discouraged by leakage of last weekend."

104-10172-10404: CABLE: AELADLE

08/13/63: Cable from London to Director (Cawood Acting): AELADLE:

104-10019-10010: INFO ON LYUDMILA PRUSAKOVA/MARINA PRUSAKOVA

12/31/63: Cable from London to Director (Cawood Acting): RYBAT GPFLOOR: REF LOND 6397 (IN 80271): "1. (REDACTION) have provided copies of subjects visa application which being pouched. SUBJ arrived 13 May 60 and departed 25 May 60. Visa application gives name before marriage as Ischenko, born 6 Feb 32. No details available on husband. Profession given as doctor in public health department at Kerch. Previously resided at Kiev. No further identifiable info. C/S Comment: *Requested traces on Lyudmila Nikolaevna Prusakova, and Marina Nikolaevna Prusakova."

104-10217-10221: GIBSON, RICHARD.

01/12/65: Cable from London to Director (Cawood Acting): KUDESK LCHARVEST: "1. Matter discussed broad terms with JAGUAR (probably MI-5). Explained to them that Gibson of current interest to us, with possible operational objectives which not yet resolved. Would appreciate their (REDACTION) attitudes, etc by chance they have recently (REDACTION) in support of considerable amount of info currently in hand. Will make available round-up on SUBJ within next few days. 2. (REDACTION) Gibson does not yet have job: Not stating with Kaye (in-law), but in separate flat with wife and kids; Kaye (brother-in-law) had been subsidizing Gibsons; Gibson corresponding with (negro) South African and activist (REDACTION). There obviously extremely bad blood Gibson and Jacques Verges (Verges was in London in December 64; JAGUAR (REDACTION) Gibson); Gibson, one person of 'previous record' as leftist JAGUAR (REDACTION)...3. (REDACTION) Gibson should be (REDACTION). 4. View foregoing, no present need Thessin LOND. Will advise if services required. Appreciate Ref B. 5. ODENVY (FBI)/LOND being kept informed and most cooperative. 6. Further info from JAGUAR will be forwarded soonest." - - - June 27, 2023 release, page 272 (note: sections have been redacted again): https://www.archives.gov/files/research/jfk/releases/2023/104-10217-10221.pdf

124-10212-10239:

08/12/71: FBI memo from Legal Attaché, Ottawa to Director: Title: SUSAN HEILIGMAN FRANK: "Remarks: Mr. Cleveland C. Cram is the CIA representative in Ottawa." - - - Cram was still the CIA representative in June of 1972 (124-10212-10273): https://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=232629#relPageId=2

104-10063-10168: CABLE RE SOURCE CITING OF INDIVIDUAL IN FRANCE BELIEVED TO BE HIJACKER

06/12/73: Cable from C/CI/SO to Ottawa: (Eyes only Cawood): MHCURB RYBAT MHCHAOS: Releasing Officer: Richard Ober, C/CI/SO. Coordinating Officers: (Signature), C/E/BC. John Caswell, C/EUR. Authenticating Officer: Jason Horn, DC/CI/SO.

104-10063-10172: CABLE RE SOURCE REPORT OF BLACK PANTHER PARTY MEMBERS IN FRANCE WHO REC'D LODGING AND TRAINING FROM CURIEL APPARATUS AND OBTAINING PLASTIC SURGERY

07/07/73: Cable from CIA/OPS/ITG to Ottawa (Orig: B. Wells, OPS/ITG): (Eyes only Cawood): MHCURB RYBAT MHCHAOS: Releasing Officer: Jason Horn, DC/OPS/ITG. Coordinating Officers: (Signature), C/E/BC. (Signature), C/EUR/OPS.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/local/1999/01/13/cia-official-cleveland-c-cram/bcabd06b-71ee-4b37-8a5e-460806757a31/

01/13/1999: Obituary of Cleveland C. Cram by J. Y. Smith in The Washington Post: IN THE OBITUARY JAN. 13 OF CLEVELAND C. CRAM, A MEMBER OF A BRITISH SPY RING WAS MISIDENTIFIED. HE WAS ANTHONY BLUNT. (PUBLISHED 01/14/99): "Cleveland C. Cram, 81, a retired CIA official who made an influential and highly critical study of James J. Angleton, the legendary and controversial spymaster who headed the agency's counterintelligence branch for 20 years during the Cold War, died of congestive heart failure Jan. 8 at his home in Washington. Dr. Cram, holder of master's and doctoral degrees in history from Harvard University, joined the CIA in 1950 and specialized in counterintelligence. He played a part in the U.S.-British effort to unmask 'Kim' Philby, a British intelligence officer and Soviet spy who fled to Moscow in 1963 before he could be apprehended. Philby was a member of a highly effective spy ring that began at Cambridge University in the 1930s and included Guy Burgess, Donald Maclean and Anthony Burgess. In the course of his career, Dr. Cram had two lengthy assignments in London; he was the agency's deputy station chief during one of the postings. He headed the British desk at CIA headquarters in the late 1950s and early 1960s. He later was station chief in the Netherlands and the CIA representative to the NATO Security Committee. His final assignment was as station chief in Canada. He retired in 1975. The following year, he returned to the agency to do a special project: analyze and report on the work of Angleton, who headed the CIA's counterintelligence operations for 20 years before being forced into retirement in 1974. Officials at the agency wanted the study in an effort to pierce the controversies that had surrounded the counterintelligence chief for years. The basic question was whether he had done the agency more harm than good..."

Contributors:
Gavin McDonald

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