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Pseudonym: Alex

Definition:
Fidel Castro. The history of this code name is unknown. Fidel also used the code name ALEJANDRO. It's well-established that Castro's middle name is Alejandro. It is conceivable that it was given to him by the CIA - or that members of the CIA learned about it and used it for their own purposes in the process of creating the legend around Lee Harvey Oswald.
Category:
pseudonym
Status:
Documented
Discussion:
The instances where Lee used the nicknames "Alik" and "Alek" in the USSR and the USA are included. I think "Alex" was introduced by the authorities when Lt. Col. Robert Jones misunderstood the "name on the card" read to him on the telephone on 11/22. Was "Alex" introduced to set off alarm bells pointing to Fidel when index searches regarding Oswald and Cuba were conducted? Jones was given the tip by George Doughty, of both the 112th and the DPD Identification Division: https://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=16245&relPageId=23 Doughy was sending spot reports that day: https://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=48725&search=%22captain_dowdy%22#relPageId=28&tab=page To see the pre-11/22 postal cards and the lack of any reference to "Alex Hidell", see https://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=48748&search=%22in_the+name+of+hidell%22#relPageId=7&tab=page The money order for the rifle says "A. Hidell": https://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=1134&relPageId=703
Sources:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fidel_Castro

1953-1962: Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (American Spanish: [fiˈðel aleˈxandɾo ˈkastɾo ˈrus]; 13 August 1926 – 25 November 2016) was a Cuban communist revolutionary politician, a Marxist–Leninist and Cuban nationalist. Castro governed the Republic of Cuba as First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba from 1961 until 2011, Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as President of the Council of State and Council of Ministers from 1976 to 2008. Castro also served as the Commander-in-chief of the Cuban Revolutionary Armed Forces. Under his administration, Cuba became a one-party communist state, while industry and business were nationalized and state socialist policies were implemented throughout society. Born in Birán, Oriente as the son of a wealthy Spanish farmer, Castro adopted leftist anti-imperialist ideas while studying law at the University of Havana. After participating in rebellions against right-wing governments in the Dominican Republic and Colombia, he planned the overthrow of Cuban President Fulgencio Batista, launching a failed attack on the Moncada Barracks in 1953. After a year's imprisonment, Castro traveled to Mexico where he formed a revolutionary group, the 26th of July Movement, with his brother Raúl Castro and Ernesto "Che" Guevara. Returning to Cuba, Castro took a key role in the Cuban Revolution by leading the Movement in a guerrilla war against Batista's forces from the Sierra Maestra. After Batista's overthrow in 1959, Castro assumed military and political power as Cuba's Prime Minister. The United States came to oppose Castro's government and unsuccessfully attempted to remove him by assassination, economic blockade, and counter-revolution, including the Bay of Pigs Invasion of 1961. Countering these threats, Castro aligned with the Soviet Union and allowed the Soviets to place nuclear weapons in Cuba, resulting in the Cuban Missile Crisis – a defining incident of the Cold War – in 1962.

104-10533-10012: DISPATCH:CUBAN EXILE ACTIVITIES (26 OF JULY MOVEMENT)

8/6/58 dispatch from Chief of Station, Mexico City to Chief, WH. The memo sets forth the structure of July 26 movement in Mexico. This is based on a LIFEAT tap set up at the home of Gustavo Arcos Bergnes, the head of July 26 Movement in Mexico. Names members of small leadership group: Leader is Gustavo Arcos Bergnes, others are Hector Geiricelaya, Rafael Silvio Pena Perez/possibly LITAMIL-2 aka "El Gordo" (radio operator), Orlando Ventura Reyes, Manuel Fernandez Torro, Manuel Carbonell, REDACTED, Roberto Roca, Teresa Caruso Morin, Virginita (radio operator). The list of revolutionaries in Mexico includes Emilio Aragones - later implicated by JMWAVE in a very bizarre claim that Aragones (the head of Castro's militia) and other Cubans were planning in Dec. 1961 to assassinate President Kennedy. (see 104-10308-10322 and 104-10308-10146). Fidel Castro is referred to in this memo as "the president of the corporation". Curiously, Fidel Castro's code name is "Alex", probably taken from his middle name "Alejandro". What is also curious is that Alejandro was the Argentinian form of the name of Oswald's mentor in the USSR in 1959 - Alexander Ziger, affectionately known as "Don Alejandro". During the previous month, Justo Carrillo, Angel Buch, Fidel Castro, and others signed a unity statement vowing to work together in the wake of the overthrow of Batista. https://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=59594#relPageId=186

124-10284-10047: No Title

8/28/58 information in a CIA Information Report: Contained in 10/7/59 letter from Rene (Last name unknown) to Gustavo Bergnes y Arcos, leader of the July 26 movement in Mexico: "...The onlooker could say that 26 is the only one that has joined the 'Unidad' knowing exactly what it wants, what it is aiming for, and what benefits it will get out of it. It is the 26th which has deflected the hostility of Washington, has obtained new and abundant funds, and has continued with its own plans without any interference. PRIO will not act for the moment in spite of the full mobilization going on, since he has not even organized the group of sympathizers to back him...Under such circumstances can we ask ourselves: Can 26 alone defeat BATISTA? The tremendous ill effects of the April defeat being over, the answer this time is more optimistic than when LESTER (note: Rodriguez) asked it of me, with the worst intentions, in your presence...I believe that ALEJANDRO has obtained...large amounts of equipment and has been receiving supplies from the exterior. I also believe he has plans for important activities to take place during October and November...we can figure he will try to take the isolated cities, in a triangle, to test the reaction of the army, then later take the whole province. If he manages to take Oriente, I think he will have won. Batista will then be forced to 'give up', pressured both by this defeat and by the revolt of the army proper."

Oswald 201 File, Vol 24 Bulky, Oswald Chronology Part 2 to Name Trace Appendix Draft

1959-1962: Oswald's mentor in the USSR during this time period was Aleksandr Ziger, who was also known as Alejandro Ziger. "This Alexander ZIGER, who first gave Oswald misgivings about life in the USSR, was probably identical with Alejandro ZIGER, a Polish engineer and radiotelephonic expert who was born about 1913 (presumably in Argentina, since his parents were naturalized citizens there) and who emigrated to the USSR in 1956 with his wife, his parents and his two daughters. He was greatly disappointed with what he found in the USSR, and the family was living in extreme penury. By January 1957 ZIGER had already applied at the Argentine Embassy in Moscow to return to Argentina."

Bill Simpich, THE JFK CASE: THE TWELVE WHO BUILT THE OSWALD LEGEND (Part 4: When the U-2 Goes Down, Oswald is Ready to Return) -https://aarclibrary.org/the-jfk-case-the-twelve-who-built-the-oswald-legend-part-4-when-the-u-2-goes-down-oswald-is-ready-to-return/

1959-1962: Sources describe Ziger as Alejandro or as Aleksandr. Oswald called himself “Alec” or “Alik” while in the USSR, and even obtained a hunting license under the name “Aleksey Harvey Oswald”. Although the story is that “Lee” is difficult for Russians to pronounce, I suspect that his friendship with Don Alejandro was a major factor. Between 1959-1962, Oswald and “Don Alejandro” spent six days a week together at the factory and three or four nights at the Ziger home speaking in English over tea and cakes. Oswald enjoyed many Sunday drives into the country with the family."

Bill Simpich, "Who Found Oswald's Wallet?" - JFK Facts, 4/21/14 - https://jfkfacts.org/oswalds-wallet-planted-at-the-tippit-crime-scene/

Re 11/22/63: "The first officer on the Tippit murder scene was Dallas Police Sergeant Kenneth H. Croy, who arrived as the ambulance was picking up Tippit’s body. Croy told an interviewer that an unknown man handed him Oswald’s wallet right after his arrival. The witnesses who preceded Croy at the crime scene were adamant that no one dropped a wallet anywhere in the vicinity. The wallet wound up in the hands of Captain Pinky Westbrook. FBI agent Bob Barrett recalled that Westbrook turned to him at the scene and asked, ‘You ever heard of a Lee Harvey Oswald?’ I said, ‘No, I never have.’ He said ‘How about an Alek Hidell?’ I said, ‘No. I never have heard of him either,'” Barrett explained. “Why would they be asking me questions about Oswald and Hidell if it wasn’t in that wallet?” Why does the wallet matter? The wallet contained what is the only known instance of Oswald carrying identification under the alias of “Alek Hidell.” The two sets of identification cards found in the wallet are key evidence in the JFK case. Kennedy was killed on Friday Nov. 22. By the next day, it was worldwide news that the rifle that was used in the shooting of President Kennedy was purchased by mail order with a postal money order made out by “A. Hidell” and listing Oswald’s PO box as the place for pick-up. Oswald and “Hidell” were now tied by the rifle and the wallet to JFK’s murder, less than two hours after the event..."

Bill Simpich, https://jfkfacts.org/when-did-hidells-id-enter-oswalds-wallet/

Re 11/22/63: "Mark Lane, the attorney hired by Lee Oswald’s mother, told the Warren Commission that the (Alek) Hidell card was only found in the wallet after the discovery of Hidell’s mail order rifle purchase. Nonetheless, the Warren Commission refused to let Lane cross-examine the district attorney about the Hidell card and the rifle." The Secret Service men present for the interrogation of Oswald in the Dallas Police Department headquarters on November 22 recalled no questions about the “Hidell” ID card. And it wasn’t like they were totally in the dark. Oswald had referred to a man named “Hidell” as a Fair Play for Cuba Committee leader and was asked about it on November 22. From November 23 on, the witnesses who wrote reports on Nov. 22 slowly began to remember that Hidell’s ID was in Oswald’s wallet. Almost everybody’s story was different, which is noteworthy. Law enforcement officers are trained to include all relevant data in their reports. It’s hard to think of anything more relevant than the supposed finding of the Hidell ID in Oswald’s wallet on Nov. 22. Were all these witnesses were given a secret order to not mention the Hidell name? Unlikely... None of the five officers who drove Oswald from the Texas Theater to the police station mentioned Bentley’s discovery of the Hidell ID in their reports, including Bentley himself. More than a week after November 22, Bentley’s report of Oswald’s arrest says only that “on the way to the city hall…. I turned his identification over to Lt. Baker. I then went to Captain Westbrook’s office to make a report of the arrest.” The date of the report was December 3, a rather disquieting 12-day delay, given Bentley’s claim that he went to Westbrook’s office to file a report immediately after the arrest. In any case, Bentley didn’t mention the Hidell ID..." The Alek Hidell ID can be seen here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lee_Harvey_Oswald#/media/File:CE795.jpg

104-10132-10188: OSWALD'S USE OF ALIAS ALEX HIDELL TO PURCHASE. RIFLE VIA MAIL ORDER

11/24/63 cable MEXI-7053 from Mexico City to Director: "Oswald registered rifle or same type used to kill President from Klein's Mail House Chicago. Ordered in name Alek Hidell but sent to P.O. Box registered in own name. Also Oswald when arrested had Selective Service card in possession in name Alek Hidell. This same name appeared on Cuban Fair Play Committee propaganda issued New Orleans, although Oswald name also appeared underneath..."

The Third Decade, Volume 1, Issue 5 Current Section: The Final Investigation? The HSCA and Army Intelligence, by Paul L. Hoch

How did the name Alex Hidell get into the investigation - as opposed to A. J. Hidell or Alek Hidell? Why were the indices searches conducted by the CIA for "Alex" rather than "Alek"? "Alex" and "Ana" may have entered the investigation based on the information Col. Robert Jones received on the phone from DPD around 3:15 pm on 11/22/63. No reference to "Alek", the name on the ID card! A highly significant error to make, which may have thrown the whole investigation off-kilter in some ways. See https://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=57690&relPageId=188&search=%22Ana_HIDELL%22 - On 11/22/63 FBI HQ got the word from Jones and started looking for "Alex, Ana, and A.J." At pp. 180, 181, 185 of same file, Jones saw the 112th MIG referring to Oswald, Ana and A.J. Hidell. 104-10400-10027: On 11/23/63, Hoover circulated the "Alex" ID to the Secret Service. See 104-10418-10317: On 11/24/63, Easby/Alan White in Mexico City correctly identified the name on the draft card and the FPCC propaganda as "Alek", but mistakenly said "Alek" ordered the rifle - only "A. Hidell" ordered the rifle. See 104-10528-10316, on 11/25/63, though job is "almost too big", FBI legal attache and colleagues in Laredo searching travel records for Oswald or "Alex Hidell". See https://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=95611&search=%223_october+1963.++The+last+contact%22#relPageId=44&tab=page - as of 11/25/63, Mexico City was incorrectly reporting that the rifle was ordered in the name of Alex Hidell (it was A. Hidell) and the card was in the name of Alex Hidell (it was Alek James Hidell). On 11/26/63, FBI was conducting checks under Alex, Alek and A. J. WCH Vol. 22, p. 138. Commission Document 296, p. 4 states that the post box and the postal money order were both made out in the name of "A. Hidell" or "A. J. Hidell." This inventory sheet of evidence shows no entries for "Alex Hidell" or "Alex James Hidell". Nor do the pre-11/22 postal files refer to Alex Hidell.

Contributors:
Bill Simpich

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