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Cryptonym: STANDEL

Definition:
Jacobo Arbenz, President of Guatemala. Arbenz was overthrown in the 1954 coup.
Status:
Documented
Sources:

Foreign Relations of the United States, 1952-1954: Guatemala Current Section: Abbreviations and Cryptonyms

Page xvii: ..."STANDEL, Jacobo Arbenz, President of Guatemala..."

Foreign Relations of the United States, 1952-1954: Guatemala Current Section: 229. 6/24/54-Telegram From the CIA Station in Guatemala to Operation PBSUCCESS Headquarters in Florida

06/24/54: Telegram from Guatemala Station to Operation PBSUCCESS Headquarters in Florida: "944. 1. May be only our own emotional pendulum, but believe govt, which panicked 18 June, recovered 21 June, getting groggy again. PBPRIME (U.S.) newsmen say govt reps they deal with show renewed fear, jumpiness. SUMAC Chief of Protocol told press 'there is too much fighting going on at Zacapa,' echoing SUMAC view govt cannot stand prolonged tension. Newsmen beginning feel anti-govt forces will win if they combine hanging on in north with dramatic acts in capital. 2. Govt not telling people anything. Army communiqués mostly propaganda, contain few facts, political not military in style. 3. Feel it significant govt has not tried stage mass rallies. STANDEL, Commies apparently fear take any action precisely among the masses whose support they claim. Also no real evidence workers being armed. 4. Have searched without result for signs Commies might be planning desperate, last–ditch stand. Possibility remains, but at present appears more likely alleged die hards will claim they never red when tide has turned. 5. General impression is one of spongy, shapeless, gutless govt people. Among these blind, myopic one–eyed man can be boss..."

Foreign Relations of the United States, 1952-1954: Guatemala Current Section: 241. 6/27/54-Telegram From the CIA Station in Guatemala to Operation PBSUCCESS Headquarters in Florida

06/27/54: Telegram from Guatemala Station to Operation PBSUCCESS Headquarters in Florida: "1. As situation stands, STANDEL seems dominate army friends and opportunists and paralyze anti-red officers. Doubtful ref petition, if materializes, will stir army leaders or impress STANDEL. 2. Army capacity to act vs STANDEL much diminished by move to field. 3. STANDEL apparently planning hold out at least till army defeated, possibly longer. But indications are good part of army would quit fighting if no longer bound by STANDEL authority. 4. If foregoing true, would appear leave us two alternatives: A. Destroy army in field and march on capital. B. [1 line of source text not declassified] possibly follow up with airborne invasion of capital while army away. 5. Do not know front situation or Calligeris capabilities, [2 lines of source text not declassified]."

Foreign Relations of the United States, 1952-1954: Guatemala Current Section: 250. 6/28/54-Telegram From the CIA Station in Guatemala to the Central Intelligence Agency

06/28/54: Telegram from Guatemala Station: "986. From JMBLUG to Ascham and Whiting. 1. As result all day meeting with STANDEL 1 and General Staff, it has been determined that STANDEL 1 will assume presidency tonight. Then have agreed to move immediately on seizing Commie leaders and sending them out of country. They have refused to deal with Calligeris and sought good offices of PBPRIME (U.S.) to bring about cease fire on both sides. 2. It is my opinion that once STANDEL is out tonight, they should be forced to deal with Calligeris. I personally do not wish to become part of another Mihailovich-Tito deal. It seems to me that those who had the courage and guts to bring about this situation should not be sold down the river. While we might for temporary period attempt to stop bombing Adam, I believe attacks should continue in north until such a meeting arranged. 3. I do not trust the army leaders either on anti-communism or on keeping faith with PBPRIME. They are collaborators with communism and must pay penalty in form Calligeris assumption of presidency. 4. Our first victory has been won but not the battle. Please consult Holland on this matter in conjunction with my formal reports to him. In other words, force negotiations. If necessary, have Holland send me such instructions."

Contributors:
Gavin McDonald • Carmine Savastano

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