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Cryptonym: QKFEARFUL

Definition:
A CIA project that supported the International Commission of Jurists in the Hague.
Status:
Documented
Discussion:
CADROIT (formerly TPEMBER) (1949-55) subsidized and guided the Investigative Committee of Free Jurists (Untersuchungsausschuss freiheitlicher Juristen (UfJ)), which developed from one person as the head of a notional committee in West Berlin to an active organization with a West Berlin Headquarters staff of 75 and about 2,000 East German covert contacts, many from the legal profession and/or East German government. The UfJ, with CIA assistance, conducted extensive propaganda campaigns in East Germany, based mainly on information from East German informants, to expose illegal actions, breaches of justice, and acts of inhumanity committed and tolerated by authorities in East Germany. An outgrowth of the UfJ-sponsored International Congress of Jurists in Berlin (1952) was the establishment of the International Commission of Jurists in The Hague, which was supported by CIA under Project QKFEARFUL. CADROIT also included CADROWN (1952-55), a paramilitary organization established in East Germany for wartime use. https://www.archives.gov/files/iwg/declassified-records/rg-263-cia-records/second-release-lexicon.pdf
Sources:

https://www.archives.gov/files/iwg/declassified-records/rg-263-cia-records/second-release-lexicon.pdf

CADROIT (formerly TPEMBER) (1949-55) subsidized and guided the Investigative Committee of Free Jurists (Untersuchungsausschuss freiheitlicher Juristen (UfJ)), which developed from one person as the head of a notional committee in West Berlin to an active organization with a West Berlin Headquarters staff of 75 and about 2,000 East German covert contacts, many from the legal profession and/or East German government. The UfJ, with CIA assistance, conducted extensive propaganda campaigns in East Germany, based mainly on information from East German informants, to expose illegal actions, breaches of justice, and acts of inhumanity committed and tolerated by authorities in East Germany. An outgrowth of the UfJ-sponsored International Congress of Jurists in Berlin (1952) was the establishment of the International Commission of Jurists in The Hague, which was supported by CIA under Project QKFEARFUL. CADROIT also included CADROWN (1952-55), a paramilitary organization established in East Germany for wartime use.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Commission_of_Jurists

The ICJ was initially partially funded by the Central Intelligence Agency through the American Fund for Free Jurists, but the CIA's role was not known to most of the ICJ's members.[4] American founders like Allen Dulles and John J. McCloy conceived it as a counter to the International Association of Democratic Lawyers controlled by the Soviet Union.[5][page needed] Ex-CIA officer Philip Agee considered that the ICJ was "set up and controlled by the CIA for propaganda operations."[6] The CIA funding became public in 1967, but the organization survived the revelations after a period of reform under Secretary General Sean MacBride, and through Ford Foundation funding.[4][5] MacBride himself was involved in CIA funding, according to information the US government reported.[7]

104-10120-10429: CABLE RE BIOGRAPHIC DATA

4/10/58 cable from REDACTED, IO/3 to REDACTED, slugline DTDORIC QKFEARFUL QKLOCKAGE: "Subject DOB 19 July 1928. MA Radcliffe 1952. From wealthy Long Island family. Excellent scholastic rating. Application (CIA) employment 1952 rejected because some associates and membership would have required more investigation than thought worthwhile. Once member United World Federalists: Thought liberal, international-minded, anti-Communist. Translator, current digest of Soviet press, New York, 1954. Considered by present (CIA) employee knew her (in) Harvard to have been 'screwball' then; considered 'goofy, mixed-up' when applied (CIA) employment. No recent data. No Headquarters record prior (CIA) use." Memo refers to journalist Priscilla Johnson, who went on to interview Oswald in Moscow in 1959.

1994.06.24.14:32:37:630005: Reel 70, Folder I - AMBUD MISCELLANEOUS ACTIVITIES

1/9/63 memo to Director, WAVE: (At p. 102): "As Cuban report follow-up, REDACTED considering with (Emilio Maza, Cuban exile attorney) advisability of Maza conducting interviews with Bay of Pigs hostages. Can determine REDACTED use of material after we have seen results. Unless addressees object will encourage REDACTED proceed." (p. 106): Background information on Emilio Maza.

104-10236-10339: CABLE: CONCUR MAZA INTERVIEWING HOSTAGES PLUS RECENT REFUGEES ORDER

2/9/63, from Director to Paris, Pipit, info WAVE, DIR 16119, slugline DTDORIC QKFEARFUL: "Concur Maza interviewing hostages plus recent refugees order be prepared for balanced supplementary Cuban report if and when opportune. Suggest Maza contact Miro Cardona organization, which should have names and addresses." A reference to Emilio Maza, Cuban exile lawyer. For background on Maza, see 104-10236-10341, also the folder at 1994.06.24.14:32:37:630005 - page 106.

104-10236-10340: CABLE: REF RECEIVED MORNING 11 FEB. ALTHOUGH PROBABLY TOO LATE FOR

2/11/63 cable from Paris to WAVE, slugline DTDORIC QKFEARFUL, ref WAVE 4335: "...files reveal following on Emilio Maza, Cuban exile lawyer. A. Prepared 1961 analysis Cuban legal situation which was of value to QKLOCKAGE in its preparation of Cuban report published December 1962; B. Was member of QKLOCKAGE observer mission to study need for legal reform in Dominican Republic during late summer 1962. C. Believe he still employed Cuban Refugee Emergency Center, Miami."

104-10226-10024: UNIDAD REVOLUTIONARIA (AMSCROLL)

12/30/66: Memorandum from PW/Fabsik to COS: Subject: TYPIC/OPERATIONAL AMBASAL - Progress Report 1 October - 31 December 1966: "3. Impact - In an effort to focus attention on the Cuban political prisoners issue, AMBASAL/1 prepared a 15 page document on this subject which he presented in person in October 1966 to the Human Rights Commission of the OAS. The president of the commission told AMBASAL/1 that this document was the best he had seen on the subject and the commission, after discussion, agreed to continue efforts to get permission to travel to Cuba to investigate the charges contained in the document. AMBASAL/1 also visited the UN Human Rights Commission, the Interamerican Federation of Lawyers, the American Fund for Free Jurists, and the president of the International Red Cross. All in all, the effort to focus attention on the political prisoners issue was successful and resulted in wire service, radio, and press coverage. A total of 23 clippings, dealing with AMBASAL/1's activities in this regard, was sent to Headquarters." Page 2: "3. Impact - In an effort to focus attention on the Cuban political prisoners issue, AMBASAL/1 prepared a 15 page document on this subject which he presented in person in October 1966 to the Human Rights Commission of the OAS. The president of the commission told AMBASAL/1 that this document was the best he had seen on the subject and the commission, after discussion, agreed to continue efforts to get permission to travel to Cuba to investigate the charges contained in the document. AMBASAL/1 also visited the UN Human Rights Commission, the Interamerican Federation of Lawyers, the American Fund for Free Jurists, and the president of the International Red Cross. All in all, the effort to focus attention on the political prisoners issue was successful and resulted in wire service, radio, and press coverage. A total of 23 clippings, dealing with AMBASAL/1's activities in this regard, was sent to Headquarters."

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Contributors:
Bill Simpich

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