Home/ Resources / Projects / CIA Cryptonyms / cryptonym: QDDALE

Cryptonym: QDDALE

Definition:
William D. Pawley.
Status:
Documented
Discussion:
William Pawley was a wealthy Miami businessman and a staunch right-wing conservative. He was the former owner of the Havana bus system and a friend of Allen Dulles and Clare Booth Luce.

Pawley became deeply involved in anti-Castro operations, supporting the DRE (crypt: AMSPELL) and in 1963 financing Operation Tilt, aka the 1963 Bayo-Pawley raid, purportedly undertaken to exfiltrate Soviet personnel from Cuba who would claim that missiles remained in Cuba after the 1962 crisis.
Sources:

The Road to Dallas, by David Kaiser, p. 43

from the book: ...December 22 he [Pawley] was given covert security approval and assigned the cryptonym QDDALE. With CIA help, he began building anti-Castro organizations both inside...

104-10061-10115: LIST OF NAMES RE KENNEDY ASSASSINATION INVESTIGATION

This name trace lists QDDALE as item 12 on the referenced page; the following page identifies #12 as "William D. Pawley."

104-10265-10299: QDDALE CORRESPONDENCE

This is a fascinating memo from just after Kennedy's election, noting Pawley's glee at having a connection to Kennedy through Florida Senator George Smathers. Pawley's delight with Kennedy would not last.

104-10312-10174: MEMO:DISCUSSIONS WITH QDDALE

In this 1964 memo Pawley revealed some of his involvement with Project Tilt, aka the "Bayo-Pawley mission." This was the 1963 raid purportedly made to extract Soviet personnel who would reveal that Soviet missiles were still in Cuba; the raid party disappeared and were never found.

104-10122-10071: STATUS OF QDDALE CLEARANCE

This Feb 1964 dispatch notes that "JMWAVE has maintained an operational contact with QDDALE since 28 August 1962."

104-10265-10379: CABLE: NET MARIN BILL FOR FEB AND MARCH SHOULD BE 6120 DOLLARS

"Net Marina bill for Feb. and March...Mr. Horton Heath of Gibraltar is advising Marina and other "clients" of adjusted bills...WAVE should pay Marina thru QDDALE in such way assure QDDALE or Marina in turn will pay Gibraltar. If any trouble anticipated WAVE could insist receiving check for amount made out to Gibraltar at same time cash payment made QDDALE."

104-10265-10078: CABLE: FOLLOWING IS SUMMARY 9 MARCH REPLY TO RUBIO, WHICH BEING

3/14/60 memo from WH/4 Martha Tharpe to Havana: In dealing with Catholic Church, QDDALE suggests "penetrate the secretariats of bishops to neutralize work (of) these gentlemen. For example, I have suggested this be done to Oriente archbishop, using Monsignor Angel Hernandez."

104-10229-10356: LETTER: MARIADA. SINCE WE RECEIVED YOUR LETTER WE'VE MEANING TO WRITE

Antonio de la Carrera offers another perspective on Pawley in this June 1962 letter: "Must I say a final word on behalf of Spruille Braden, George Smathers, and William Pawley?" He suggests that America's Cuba policy should be the opposite of whatever they propose. De la Guerra was the executive assistant to President Urrutia, Cuba's first president under Castro. When Urrutia was removed from office, both men defected. http://www.northjersey.com/obituaries/antonio-de-la-carrera-91-lawyer-fled-castro-regime-1.915842 (As for Spruille Braden, Wikipedia describes Mr. Braden as a CFR member, formerly active with the United Fruit Company and was a former ambassador to Cuba.)

104-10312-10361: CABLE: OP INVOLVING SOVIET DEFECTORS WHICH MR. WILLIAM PAWLEY HAS DISCUSSED

6/5/63 cable from Reuterman/Ted Shackley to TODHUNTER/DDCI Marshall Carter and Dainold/Desmond FitzGerald on Project TILT, also known as the Bayo-Pawley affair. Explains that it was at John Martino's initiation, based on his contacts with "Bayo"/Eduardo Perez/AMDENIM-11, who convinced Martino that he had contact inside Cuba with Soviet defectors who would claim that nuclear missiles were still inside the country. Once convinced, Martino turned to Nathaniel Weyl in a search for a non-official sponsor. Weyl contacted Life Magazine, who agreed to come up with money for the operation, and Julian Sourwine of the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee who would conduct the initial public surfacing after the Soviet defectors were brought to the USA, to be followed with the Life story. Sourwine contacted Pawley and asked him to participate, "in order to have some control over op and simultaneously gain access (to) maritime support craft...(because the op was most complicated) Pawley then turned to JMWAVE for advice and received guidance that best way handle op was cooperate with (CIA) and turn Sovs over to (CIA) as soon as possible after they exfil Cuba." Pawley said that "he was implementing op as a private citizen willing to gamble on unlikely long shot."

124-90041-10098: No Title

9/13/60 report of FBI agent Robert James Dwyer in Miami to Director: Pawley was recruiting Cuban leaders to join the FRD. He represented himself as someone who was responsible for the overthrow both the Guatemalan government and Batista and continued to represent the US government. Pawley's group includes of James and Burt Hedges and "have been able to name their man, General Martin Elena, as military leader of the FRD." (p. 24)

Contributors:
Jerry Ennis • MFF • Bill Simpich

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