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Cryptonym: LITAINT-1

Angel Lorenzo Saavedra Correa - known in the US as "Manuel Villafana Martinez" - a Cuban Military and Air Attaché who defected to the US in April 1960. He fought at the Bay of Pigs and with Comandos Mambises in 1963.


"LITAINT-1 (Cuban air attache) was recruited by Hazlett in August 1959 and cooperated with CIA until April 1960 when he defected to the United States." LITAINT-1 was flown into San Antonio Texas on an airplane arranged by LIENVOY-1. At page 65 of 239, the history states, "On REDACTED, two officers of the Cuban Embassy in Mexico (LITAG-1, 201-267743, naval attache, and LITAINT-1, 201-98818, air attache) walked into the US embassy office of the naval attache and expressed their dissatisfaction with the Communist influence over the Castro government. Hazlett talked with them REDACTED." LITAG-1 defected on March 30, 1960, driving into Laredo, Texas. Both officers were subsequently handled by the Miami station.

FBI Cuba 109-12-210 - Volume 32 - Serials 1356-1377

The document states "Captain Angel L. Saavedra was at that time (1959) the Cuban Military and Air Attaché"

124-10213-10464:No Title

Correa provided the FBI with information about his recent defection and surrendering the Office of the Cuban Military Attaché in Washington to his successor on January 25, 1960. This would verify his defection timeline and position to match the former Cuban official using the cryptonym LITAINT-1.


"Since around January 1960, Station Mexico has been involved in 11 defections and 'recruitments' of Cuban officials, mostly from the Cuban Embassy in Mexico City. The most important of these was Jose Pardo Llada, who was not an official and not from the Embassy, but was next to Castro himself, the most popular voice among the Cuban masses...besides Jose Pardo Llada, the above-mentioned defections - all successful KUWOLF actions included: 1. Manuel VILLAFANA Martinez, Cuban Air Attache...Marginalia adds: 'Who has never been properly debriefed.'"


Pages 6 and 7 of this HSCA decoding sheet reveal that LITAINT-1 also used the name "Manuel Villafana Martinez".

104-10163-10140: AZCUE, EUSEBIO.

Attachment No. 75 to UFGA-21693: "Subject: REDACTED, Manuel. Source met Subject in 1959 when Subject was the Military Attache at the Cuban Embassy in Mexico, D.F...Source said that he read in the newspapers in 1960 that Subject had left his post and come to the United States...identical with 201-098818."


10/24/60 memo from Mexico City to Director: After softening up by LITAMIL-1...and LITAINT-1, LIOOZE-1 agreed to remain in place in Mexico and report to US on intel activities. He had no contact with Soviet embassy, but some with Cuban embassy. He knew Martin and Mitchell had no contact with the Cuban embassy when they passed through on their way to the USSR.


Interview with former BoP prisoner Edgardo Antonio Buttari Puig, Jr., son of the mayor of Havana: "Colonel (FNU) Vallejo, an American officer of Philippine extraction, was the head of the American personnel assigned to (JMTRAX, the Trax base in Guatelmala)...Late in November, 1960, Col. Vallejo left and was replaced by an American known to me as "Frank"...Frank arrived with a group of others among whom I recall "Burnie", "Gordon", Pat, and one known as "C. B."..."Frank" reorganized the whole setup. He dissolved the teams and organized the Brigade 2506. On 30 January 1961, Manuel Villafana, head of the Cuban Air Force in exile attached to the Brigade 2506, visited Trax Base. Villafana (circulated a letter to the FRD) demanding, in the name of the members of Brigade 2506, to remove the general staff of the Directorate, FRD, and reinstate Jaime Vanosa Carela as Navy chief...Villafana had the approval of the Brigade headquarters, but the opposition of the majority of the Brigade members. We considered this an act of insubordination to the Chief of the Joint Staff and to the civil authorities of the FRD. This incident caused a mass disturbance within Trax Base...the 2nd and 3rd infantry battalions refused to continue training until FRD representatives arrived at Trax Base...the principal American instruction, "Burnie"...on 31 January 1961...told us that Jose Perez San Roman was to be reinstated as supreme head of the Brigade...all Brigade members left the platform area and returned to their barracks. Villafana and San Roman remained alone...Some men refused to continue training until an acceptable solution was reached. About 14 of these men were sent under arrest to Peten plains where they were fed by airdrops...the 2nd and 3rd infantry battalions were combined and reorganized..." (Interview conducted 12/23/62)

Deadly Secrets, Warren Hinckle and William Turner, p. 155

(The leader of Comandos Mambises in 1963) was Major Manuel Villafana, a Cuban General Patton known for his spit-and-polish sternness, who had pay his men little; he wanted them motivated by hate, not money.

See Also:
Bill Simpich • Carmine Savastano

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