Home/ Resources / Projects / CIA Cryptonyms / cryptonym: JMHARP

Cryptonym: JMHARP

Definition:
Some of these dissidents were held as "prisoners" after a revolt within the Guatemalan Army during November 1960. Another memo describes them as CRC expeditionary force "detainees" - anti-Castro exiles at foreign bases that could not join the Bay of Pigs invasion for military disciplinary reasons. These detainees broke into the AMOT and CRC intelligence files in the wake of the Bay of Pigs.
Status:
Probable
Discussion:
This cryptonym looks like it was designed to single out all anti-Castro activists who were harping about the CRC's approach- which was designed by the CIA.
Sources:

104-10227-10305: CABLE: PONCHAY AND REV COUNCIL ETD MADD FOR JMFIG 1400 LOCAL

3/31/61: Ponchay and Revolutionary Council left MADD for JMFIG (Opa-Locka). "Trip appears successful except for question JMHARP prisoners. WH/C Ponchay and AMBUD-1 have had one conversation (on) this subject and believe compromise can be reached."

104-10228-10297 CABLE:MIRO VISIT JMHARP IMPOSSIBLE UNLESS PBY ARR MADD

From MADD (Ponchay) to BELL: "Miro visit JMHARP impossible unless pby arr MADD...please advise as Miro insists he visit prisoners." Hal Hendrix article indicates that the MADD training camp is in Guatemala.

Official History of the Bay of Pigs Operation, Volume II: Participation in the Conduct of Foreign Policy Current Section: F. MInor Skirmishes: Inter- and Intra-Agency

There was a November 1960 revolt in Guatemala led by dissident Army officers. Although there was no evidence that it was Castro-led, "the Political and Psychological Warfare unit of WH/4 was to suggest that if legitimate evidence was not found to implicate Castro, that such evidence be manufactured..."

104-10228-10270: MEMORANDUM:RETURN OF REVOLUTIONARY COUNCIL DETAINEES

5/2/61 memo from WH/4/CI R. Hopkins for Helms to Director, FBI: List of CRC/AMBUD detainees that "were to have participated in the recently attempted invasion of Cuba but, for military disciplinary reasons, were unable to do so." Seventeen of them were brought to the United States from various training bases in Latin American countries.

104-10167-10062: PER REF AND ZAMKA-2LOCKENBRINK TELECON EVENING 3 MAY AGREE APPROPRIATE ACTION PER PARA THREE REF WOULD BE TO GET COURT ORDER TO SEAL FILES

5/4/61 memo recommended taking "appropriate action" to obtain court order to seal files...this will serve to protect against future visits by "former JMHARP detainees to AMOT bldg and protect AMBUD-1 interests". Report of "eviction of AMBUD-1 & AMDIP-1 henchmen" from bldg and suggested "AMOT files" be protected.

104-10168-10167 CABLE: OWNER OF BLDG WHICH HOUSED AMOT HQS REGISTERED COMPLAINT RE USE OF BLDG BY PERSONS OTHER THAN LESSEE

5/3/61 cable from JMWAVE to BELL: "Owner of building which housed AMOT registered complaint re use of building by persons other than lessee. Owner estimated damages to building at approximately $2500 and wants it reinstated (in) same condition (as) when leased. In order (to) avoid complications of legal suit AMOT-31 who is lessee was instructed to get together with owner and lawyer in order (to) terminate contract (in) view new AMBUD intel service refuses to pay rent and/or order take over contract. In view this attitude by new group they being forced to vacate and move from building by local court order. This action will undoubtedly irritate local AMBUD members, especially AMDIP-1, AMJAG, and AMBANG who have placed their men (in) this new set-up. However, they will probably renew charges that AMOT-2 and AMOT-31 sabotaging AMBUD-1 and explain true reasons why building actually had to be vacated...Building now vacated by new intel service and files remain in building unguarded. Advise whether WAVE should leave files there pending AMBUD decision or take appropriate action and/or have AMOTS retrieve them."

Peter Wyden, Bay of Pigs: The Untold Story (1979), pp. 57-59.

At Camp Trax in Guatemala, "'Colonel Frank' (probably Carl Jenkins) and the US command of thirty-eight advisers (military men posing as civilians) lorded it over the Brigade from their hilltop residence 'like mandarins over a Chinese province'...there was a mutiny. Some 230 men 'resigned', including all of the Second and Third Battalions. Whereupon San Roman resigned to join up as an ordinary soldier...With Colonel Frank away, his superior, another American officer named 'Bernie' and known as 'Sitting Bull' because of his squat appearance, assembled the Brigade in formation and announced from a wooden platform: 'I am boss here, and the commander of the Brigade is still Pepe San Ramon...(Son of the former Cuban defense minister Rodolfo) Nodal ..(had) been elected one of the five leaders of the (one hundred) dissidents...Nodal found himself under arrest in tents normally occupied by the Brigade's tank units. He was one of twenty men who were considered the principal troublemakers and he was (apprehended)...along with fellow dissidents, he was spirited by seaplane and canoe to a camp in the Peten, a mountainous, almost inaccessible jungle in northernmost Guatemala. It was guarded by four Americans and twenty-five Guatemalans. The prisoners were issued thin slippers to discourage escapes. Nobody tried to get away. Two weeks after the invasion, Nodal was flown to Miami and released. He phoned his family at 3 am. They did not know he was alive."

1993.07.14.15:07:44:590280: INTERVIEW WITH POW (FORMER BAY OF PIGS PRISONER)

12/23/62 interview with former BoP prisoner Edgardo Antonio Buttari: "Colonel (FNU) Vallejo, an American officer of Philippine extraction, was the head of the American personnel assigned to (JMTRAX, the Trax base in Guatelmala)...Late in November, 1960, Col. Vallejo left and was replaced by an American known to me as "Frank"...Frank arrived with a group of others among whom I recall "Burnie", "Gordon", Pat, and one known as "C. B."..."Frank" reorganized the whole setup. He dissolved the teams and organized the Brigade 2506. On 30 January 1961, Manuel Villafana, head of the Cuban Air Force in exile attached to the Brigade 2506, visited Trax Base. Villafana (circulated a letter to the FRD) demanding, in the name of the members of Brigade 2506, to remove the general staff of the Directorate, FRD, and reinstate Jaime Vanosa Carela as Navy chief...Villafana had the approval of the Brigade headquarters, but the opposition of the majority of the Brigade members. We considered this an act of insubordination to the Chief of the Joint Staff and to the civil authorities of the FRD. This incident caused a mass disturbance within Trax Base...the 2nd and 3rd infantry battalions refused to continue training until FRD representatives arrived at Trax Base...the principal American instruction, "Burnie"...on 31 January 1961...told us that Jose Perez San Roman was to be reinstated as supreme head of the Brigade...all Brigade members left the platform area and returned to their barracks. Villafana and San Roman remained alone...Some men refused to continue training until an acceptable solution was reached. About 14 of these men were sent under arrest to Peten plains where they were fed by airdrops...the 2nd and 3rd infantry battalions were combined and reorganized..."

Jesus Arboleya, The Cuban Counterrevolutionaries (Ohio University, 2000), p. 131

"Manuel Villafana, who had been head of the Cuban Air Force in exile, was chosen to lead (the Comandos Mambises in 1963). The Comandos in reality consisted of an elite paramilitary group trained in New Orleans that was to operate with the support of the Agency's fleet."

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Contributors:
Bill Simpich

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