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Cryptonym: GPAZURE

Definition:
Richard Goodwin, JFK's chief staffer on Latin American affairs. Tried to take over the CIA's Latin American division after the Bay of Pigs.
Status:
Probable
Discussion:
What emerges right after the Bay of Pigs is the concern by WH that Goodwin will take over their function. See the final entry from Jos3eph B. Smith's below, as well as one final post that will be added here: On 6/21/61, WH/4/PA-PROP Martha Tharps wrote to JMWAVE: "WH Comment. WAVE has no objection providing requested funds, but question arises where control and support MRP rest in view Ray's contact with Goodwin. Requested advice." Goodwin and Rostov given credit for important role in Alpha 66 and in airplane attacks on Cuba: http://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=103395&relPageId=103&search=Cuba_Cuban%20AND%20missiles
Sources:

104-10175-10063: DISPATCH: REQUEST FOR FINANCIAL HELP OF GROUP REPRESENTED BY GPAZURE

12/22/61 Win Scott dispatch to HQ, HMMA-18341: 19 page memo prepared by Carlos Campos and Julio Godoy of the "Asociacion Nacionalista". The group is anticommunist and pro-Catholic, working for authentic nationalism for last 30 years. Asked that this memo "get to GPAZURE...prepared as a result of talks Identity A had with GPAZURE during his visit to Mexico. Identity A plans to go to New Orleans on or about 9 January 1962 and would like to meet GPAZURE in the USA at that time to discuss the possibility of financing (and arrangements for such) by the group represented by GPAZURE...the Station looks with favor on this effort." Page 5 of 20 discusses "the offensive...aimed at establishing in Mexico a second beachhead for international communism." Note that Ignatio Novo was identified as the New York City contact for "Asocacion Nacionalista Cubana" in 1960, which may have been related to the Mexican group: http://maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=93566&search=%22asociacion_nacionalista%22#relPageId=3&tab=page Novo and his brother were notorious terrorists that were later prosecuted for the car bombing of Orlando Letalier in Dupont Circle during the 70s. In late 1963, US government agencies referred to the Cuban wing of this group as "neo-fascist": http://maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=113867&search=%22asociacion_nacionalistA%22+AND+joaquin#relPageId=2&tab=page

104-10175-10060: DISPATCH: REQUEST FOR MEETING WITH MR. ENNO HOBBING

1/25/62 A similar letter was written to Enno Hobbing, HMMA-18522, a CIA officer who helped oversee Operation PBSUCCESS in Guatemala and was Time's Berlin bureau chief before he joined the Agency. The writer suggests that perhaps they can meet in "New Orleans or Miami". Win Scott wrote that he promised to deliver the letter to Hobbing. Note that another version of the 12/22/61 dispatch above has a written note referring to the instant dispatch to Hobbing. (See 104-10175-10064; also see Stephen Kinzer, Overthrow, p. 145; Tim Weiner, Legacy of Ashes, p. 103).

104-10175-10045: CABLE: LIHUFF/1 WILL BE AT ROOSEVELT HOTEL IN NEW ORLEANS

5/8/62 memo from Mexico City to Director, DTDORIC ZRAWARD slugline: "LIHUFF-1 will be at Roosevelt Hotel in New Orleans night of 14 May. Unless advised to the contrary will expect Hobbing meet him there."

104-10175-10041: WITHHELD

5/15/62 dispatch, from Chief, WHD J. C. King to All Stations and Bases, slugline ZRAWARD: "Because of security indiscretions by GPAZURE and conflicts between ZRAWARD and KUBARK (CIA) operations, KUBARK has severed relations with GPAZURE. Unless advised to the contrary, all addressees should avoid contacts with GPAZURE during his periodic visits to Latin America. If contact is unavoidable because of previous relationships, addressees should not discuss operational matters or make any commitments to collaborate with GPAZURE or ZRAWARD."

104-10175-10040: DISPATCH: REPORT ON PROJECTED ZRWARD ACTIVITIES IN MEXICO

6/18/62 memo re report "on projected ZRAWARD activities in Mexico resulting from the recent meeting between GPAZURE and LIHUFF-1. While WHD has severed relations for reasons described in the reference, we do not want to stand in the way of ZRAWARD activities in Mexico which the station believes will serve a useful purpose. In the event that Station believes that any specific ZRAWARD activities should be discouraged, Headquarters will try to bring pressure to bear on GPAZURE and ZRAWARD through other channels to stop these activities."

104-10243-10072: Rogelio Cisneros, Name de Guerre Eugeni

Rogelio Cisneros and his interpreter Jorge Volsky met with Richard Goodwin at the White House on 8/25/61. Goodwin referred them to the CIA's Cuban division WH/4. When the CIA officer said that the US would not engage in counterfeiting, these men assured him that Goodwin approved of it.

104-10175-10039 DISPATCH: DISTRIBUTION OF BOOKLET "JOE VIDAS

7/2/62 memo from Chief, WH to Chief, Mexico City: "QKFLOWAGE (USIA) is collaborating with GPAZURE of ZRAWARD in the distribution in selected Latin American countries of the subject booklet which compares life in democratic and communist countries...GPAZURE has selected LIHUFF-2 as the Mexican recipient for these packages."

104-10231-10066: DISPATCH- AMBUD-ACTIVITIES IN ZRMETA

4/13/62 memo from PW Alice Caponong to Chief Task Force W William Harvey: AMBUD-1 has a series of meetings with RFK, declares he wants PASSAVOY to continue being his contact. Critical of Goodwin's Cuba policy, which he says amounts to "peaceful coexistence". The first meeting was organized by Hal Hendrix of the Miami Daily News, who has written a series of articles attacking Goodwin for his inexperience and naivete. Refers to an attachment of articles, which can be seen below.

104-10231-10428: NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS "JFK'S BOY FUMBLES AGAIN' (AND OTHERS)

Several 1962 articles by Hal Hendrix, Allen and Scott, and others. Much of the focus is Goodwin's work in trying to free the Bay of Pigs prisoners and the controversy around those efforts.

202-10001-10173: No Title

3/21/62 meeting of the Caribbean Survey Group, including Bill Harvey, RFK and Goodwin: At p. 2, RFK and Harvey joust about how to use the backlog of refugees info at Opa-locka Center. At p. 3, RFK asks: "What are the chances of kidnapping some of the key people of the Communist regime?" Highlighted by the reviewer. At p. 8, Goodwin says that "the US should probe harder for splitting the leadership in Cuba. Raul Castro, for example, is a good possibility. We need a way to get close to this man." Goodwin said that the Special Group's agenda would include discussion about "tractors for prisoners in Cuba". Helms pointed out that Congress should be consulted on this issue.

Official History of the Bay of Pigs Operation, Volume IV: The Taylor Committee Investigation of the Bay of Pigs Current Section: C. Protecting the Kennedy Image

On 4/17/62 Praeger publishes The Cuban Invasion, where Tad Szulc and NYT correspondent Karl Meyer indict the Joint Chiefs of the Staff and the CIA for the disaster. Both authors are close to Schlesinger and Goodwin of the White House staff and helped give "the Real Dope". Hal Hendrix's reviews were too unsympathetic, so the New York Times went looking for a more favorable critic. Goodwin is described in the book as "the President's chief adjutant in Latin-American matters".

Joseph B. Smith, Portrait of a Cold Warrior (Ballantine Books, 1975), pp. 342-343.

The Goodwin-Schlesinger task force was formed after the Bay of Pigs. "In the wake of the CIA's failure, the White House advisers seemed to think they should tell the Agency how to spend its covert funds...(WH officers) didn't like the idea of Dick Goodwin trying to run the Hemisphere and WH Division. Goodwin's claim to area expertise was that he had written some editorials on Latin America occasionally for the Washington Post...what bothered (WH) almost as much as the Goodwin task force was that Cord Meyer (of International Organizations, the covert action wing) might hear about it...if Cord Meyer and they get togther on something like this proposal, they'll put old WH out of business." June 1961

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