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Cryptonym: ESVEHICLE-1

Definition:
General Miguel Ydigoras Fuentes, president of Guatemala from 1958 to March 1963.
Status:
Documented
Sources:

180-10143-10180.pdf

Cryptonym and pseudonym decoding sheet: On page 14 of 23, ESVEHICLE-1 is identified as General Ydigoras.

Official History of the Bay of Pigs Operation, Volume II: Participation in the Conduct of Foreign Policy Current Section: A. Background

"On 26 July 1957 Arbenz was assassinated and the political situation in Guatemala evolved into a three-way dog fight among the forces of the left, the right, and the center...Ydigoras Fuentes -- the rightist candidate who also had the support of the Army...(after) a behind the scenes conference between Ydigoras and the MDN (Cruz Salazar's party), a deal was arranged where the assembly would elect Ydigoras and the MDN would get the three seats in the Cabinet (and other perks)."

157-10005-10221: DOCUMENTS FROM DPD FILES RE: CUBAN OPERATIONS BETWEEN 1959-1961

"Cable, dated January 9, 1961, to JMBELL from Guatemala. This cable reads in part as follows: ESOLEO-1 was advised below-listed names provided by Guat secret service with statement they all Cubans except as noted who are on way or in Guat with (the) mission assassination (of) ESVEHICLE-1 and ESOLEO-1. (There follows a list of eight names.) This cable apparently reflects information received by the CIA that certain people in Guatemala were targets of Cuban assassination plots. I would speculate that the two acronyms, ESVEHICLE-1 and ESOLEO-1, refer to Cuban exile leaders who at that time were in training in Guatemala for the Bay of Pigs mission."

104-10167-10285: CABLE - VEHICLE-1 ADVISED DIP. PORTILLO

1/21/61 cable: Manuel Orellana Portillo is described in marginalia as a right-wing congressman and the president of the Anti-Communist Federation. Orellana, in the name of ESVEHICLE-1, invited AMDIP-1/Tony Varona to meet ESVEHICLE-1. ESVEHICLE-1 made it clear that Orellana did not represent him and he would not meet with anyone that Orellana had invited to meet with him. Marginalia describes ESVEHICLE-1 as "General Ydigoras".

104-10227-10036: Cable: Rev Council Now in Seclusion at JMFIG, Extremely

4/17/61 Cable from JMBELL to Guatemala City: The CRC heads were cooped up in Opa-locka and "anxious (to) reach a zone of activity at earliest moment. Request you ask ESVEHICLE-1 (Guatemala President Miguel Ydigoras) permission (to) take them to JMADD or JMTRAV."

202-10002-10016 : NSC MEETING AT THE WHITE HOUSE, 10 A.M., 22 APRIL 1961

4/22/61: "The President: Asked about Guatemala and Nicaragua. Ydigoras is expected to have trouble. State (Dept.) thought he would, nevertheless, survive."

Contributors:
Bill Simpich

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