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Cryptonym: ESCHEL

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Unknown identity. ESCHEL was a probably a Guatemalan CIA informant, who appeared to have access to information from the Guardia Honor and Base Militar.


CIA document: Titled: DRAFT/LFW: Info as Of: 29 April 1953: Page 2: ....4. Strength...30 paratroopers to Chiquimula 9 May. 200 infantry to Zacapa from Guardia de Honor and Base Military. Source: ESCHEL..."


05/13/54: Cable from Guatemala to LINCOLN: RYBAT PBSUCCESS: "1. 30 paratroopers sent by plane 9 May to Chiquimula. 200 infantry troops sent by plane to Zacapa between May 9 and 11. All troops taken from Guardia de Honor and Base Militar. Source: ESCHEL, ESSENCE. B2..." - - - Page 1: Note comment from C/PM (William Robertson) on Routing Form: "This is first I've heard about paratroopers - do we have any info for confirmation, if so, how many? Note troop movement into area where your army moving! Advise Ontrich (Nestor Sanchez)."


05/27/54: Cable from Guatemala City to Director: RYBAT PBSUCCESS: "1. Taca airlines prohibited from landing WSBURNT (Guatemala) morning 27 May. Aviateca lines grounded. Latest report from PAA to effect they not sure if will be allowed land. All lines report bad weather not reason. Meeting all airlines representatives and WSBURNT spokesman called by govt for 11 am 27 May. Source: ESPARTO, ESCHEL. 2. Ref leaflets thrown from plane evening 26 May source reports first bundle bounced off roof of palace and second bounced off Guardia Civil headquarters. Source ESCHEL. If premediated congratulations. This causing much comment."

Foreign Relations of the United States, 1952-1954: Guatemala: Current Section: 174. 6/8/54-Telegram From the CIA Station in Guatemala to Operation PBSUCCESS Headquarters in Florida

06/08/54: Telegram from Guatemala Station to Operation PBSUCCESS Headquarters in Florida: "780. 1. Govt declared suspension constitutional guarantees at 4 a.m. 8 June. 2. This most drastic step taken in recent times by WSBURNT (Guatemala) govt. 3. Morning edition Impacto seized. 4. Declaration curfew possible. 5. Plane reported dropped leaflets over Quetzaltenango night 7 June. 6. Fear panic spreading in government circles and offices. Constant meetings govt high command with Fortuny ranking Commies attending. Fortuny allegedly successfully recommending policy appeasement toward ODYOKE (U. S. Government). Bannister (probably John Doherty) comment: Believe govt becoming desperate attempting shore up position. Suspension guarantees and subsequent activities repression may rebound govt detriment rather than benefit. Consider army key situation and believe army situation again becoming fluid. Flight ESODICS caused sensation showed army not whole heartedly supporting govt. Individual army officers griping at constant state alert and believed dissatisfaction could mount to point action if govt makes foolish moves in attempting keep afloat. Sources: ESPARTO, ESCHEL, ESPERANCE, ESCONSON–2."


06/16/54: Cable from Guatemala City to Director: PBSUCCESS RYBAT: "1. Campesinos in complete control roads between capital and Tiquisate. No farms being worked. Army leaders Tiquisate taking orders from campesinos. We unable report whether this good or bad as army sending but few reinforcements to Tiquisate. 2. Of arms dropped Tiquisate night 14 June. Approx seven rifles and one submachine gun possession govt troops. 3. Two truck loads prisoners taken in trucks by Guardia Civil to Escuintla. Total number political prisoners: 87. UFCO trucks confiscated and being used transport prisoners. Source ESCHEL B-2."


07/01/54: Cable from Guatemala City to Director: PBSUCCESS RYBAT: REF: GUAT 001 (IN 23524), GUAT 003 (IN 23562): "1. Sizable committee of lawyers and businessmen plans protest to junta that it deliberatedly stalling return of Calligeris (Carlos Castillo Armas) to ADAM (Guatemala City), thus arousing public antipathy. Source JMBLUG-1 from ESCHEL, B2. 2. (REDACTION) in above group. JMBLUG-1 trying quiet him, group..."


07/29/54: Dispatch from COS, Guatemala to Chief. WH: Subject: General - Operational. Specific - Plot by Arbenz Government Against United Fruit Co. and ODYOKE: ..."7. A Guatemalan named Zambron, according to Arevalo, was formerly employed in a clerical capacity in the office of the Guatemalan Intelligence Service. At the time Arbenz resigned from his position, Zambron stole several incriminating files from the office and carried them with him to the Mexican Embassy where he is in asylum. Through Zambron's wife, Arevalo has learned that Zambron wants to sell those files which he claims will furnish definite proof that the Guatemalan Government had in fact devised the plot against the UFCO in particular and ODYOKE (U.S. Government) in general. Source ESCHEL furnished 300 which were given to Arevalo who in turn intends to pass the money to Zambron's wife as soon as Zambron smuggles the files out of the Mexican Embassy to Arevalo. Arevalo stated that he believes the files will be in his possession on Friday, 30 July 1954. Arrangements have been made with him by the writer to take immediate possession of those files which will be forwarded to Headquarters if received. Cyrus E. Burnette."

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Gavin McDonald

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