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Cryptonym: AMYUM-1

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Definition:
Lino Bernabe Fernandez Martinez, psychiatrist from Sagua la Grande and MRR leader outside of Cuba. Also known as Ojeda.
Status:
Documented
Discussion:
Friend of Juan Manuel Salvat Roque/AMHINT-2. Deputy to AMRUNG-1, who was the leader of the Cuban underground until his death in April 1961.
Sources:

104-10061-10115: LIST OF NAMES RE KENNEDY ASSASSINATION INVESTIGATION

The definition provided in the HSCA staffer's notes for AMYUM-1 is "Lino Bernabe Fernandez Martinez".

104-10181-10363: BIOGRAPHIC DATA

This biographical data memo on Salvat Roque describes his being hidden by AMYUM group, and notes: "Lino Bernabe FERNANDEZ Martinez, a psychiatrist from Sagua la Grande and a friend of SALVAT's has not yet been granted a POA (although it has been requested) but Havana Station calls him AMYUM-1."

104-10296-10016: CABLE: AMPAL-1,WHO IS OLD FRIEND OF LINO FERNANDEZ

5/10/60 cable from Havana to Director: "AMPAL-1, who is old friend of Lino Fernandez, MRR Sec of Discipline and Control, has been in frequent contact with him over AMPALM-10 exfiltration problem."

104-10240-10154: Cable: Ambiddy-1 told Twicker that "Ojeda" of the SWAN message

Lino Hernandez's war name was Ojeda; AMRUNG-1/Rogelio Gonzalez's war name was Francisco.

104-10178-10326: CABLE: ZAMKA MET WITH LINO FERNANDEZ AMYUM LEADER HAVA IN ORDER

9/4/60 memo from Havana to Director: "Zamka (David Morales) met with Lino Fernandez AMYUM leader in order (to) set up final arrangements for exfiltration three AMYUM leaders night 6 Sept." Three persons will be exfiltrated: Reinaldo Pico (AMICE-31); Angel Maria Hernandez y Avila; and Luis Clemente Barcena y Serrano.

John Prados, Safe for Democracy (Ivan R. Dee, Chicago: 2006) pp. 218-219

"While Francisco attempted to coordinate with the anti-Castro forces outside Cuba (in August 1960), deputy Lino B. Fernandez took over...years later Lino Fernandez recalled this period painfully. The resistance did not call the CIA, rather the reverse...'The CIA men wnated to put in our hands the Batista people - members of the army. We didn't like that.' Fernandez related at a 1996 conference. 'We were against Batista. We were fighting against Batista for seven years...there was no way we were using the Batista army.' Cubans struggled to create a resistance, said the former guerilla chieftain, making his point a different way, but the CIA 'tried to create another internal resistance without taking the trouble to find out what was already there.'"

104-10193-10307: DISPATCH:ARREST OF AMYUM MEMBERS

11/21/60 dispatch from Acting Chief of Station, Havana George Scorgory to Chief, WHD: "The following information was provided by AMYUM-1 concerning events in the Escambray area and the subsequent arrest of Dr. Andres Cao Mendiguren, Antonio Garcia Crews and other AMYUM members (note: See 104-10217-10081 -Andres Cao was imprisoned for many years - 201-872690): Half the arms that were dropped (in the Escambray) were picked up by the government and the remainder was recovered by FNU Pacheco and "Ringo" Mesa who headed independent groups in the hills...The accusations being made against Dr. Cao is that he had a very close relationship with the American Embassy. The Cuban government is using every means at its disposal to try to bait the US embassy to plan a new airdrop in the Escambray region."

104-10226-10139: UNIDAD REVOLUCIONARIA

2/61: Lino Fernandez Martinez, AMYUM-1 was "arrested in February 1961, but his activities remain unknown to date to Castro's government, although he is still imprisoned in the Santa Clara area." Memo by S. W. Roberts, WH/4/PA. Also see a redacted version in a UR chrono folder at 1994.06.02.15:07:15:780005 Reel 61, Folder B - UNIDAD REVOLUTIONARIA.

Contributors:
Bill Simpich

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