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Cryptonym: AMWORLD

Definition:
Plan for offensive military operations against Cuba from offshore, led by Manuel Artime (AMBIDDY-1).
Status:
Documented
Discussion:
AMWORLD was a project whereby CIA would assist Artime and his followers in relocating their anti-Castro operations offshore. Ultimate Sacrifice (Lamar Waldron) interprets this as the CIA's portion of a JFK-sponsored coup plan set for 1 Dec 1963 involving Juan Almeida. Many other observers find that interpretation lacking evidence however the evidence administration support for Artime s offshore activities is extensive; the AM/WORLD project is plausibly interpreted as part of the effort of winding down anti-Castro activities launched from U.S. soil, in the wake of the Missile Crisis. Extensive detail on the AM/WORLD project is presented in Shadow Warfare (Hancock) The AMWORLD documents were held in extreme secrecy - they were unknown to the Church Committee and the HSCA, and even the ARRB for most of its tenture. Robert Kennedy was clearly involved in the project. James E. Beckhoff is mentioned as setting up the AMWORLD safehouse in Mexico City. Beckhoff was also known as Henry Boysen: http://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=30904#relPageId=2&tab=page Boysen was also known by his real name, Henry Hecksher. http://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=42085#relPageId=2 also see http://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=42085#relPageId=2
Sources:

104-10315-10004: BOOK DISPATCH: AMWORLD-BACKGROUND OF PROGRAM, OPERATIONAL SUPPORT, REQUIREMENTS AND PROCEDURAL RULES

This document from late June of 1963 alerted certain CIA station chiefs to the creation of Project AMWORLD: "...it involves the unilateral commitment of AMYUM (the MRR).....directed by AMBIDDY/1 (Artime), against PBRUMEN (Cuba). It is understood that activities involved in this program are to be based outside PBPRIME (U.S.) and that any manifestations of KUBARK (CIA) participation in the planning and execution of the program are to be kept to a minimum."

104-10241-10139: MEETING BETWEEN CHIEF, SAS AND AMBIDDY-1 ON 1 JULY 1963

This lengthy memo kicking off the project in June 1963 records discussions held with Special Affairs Staff chief Desmond Fitzgerald. It was authored by Henry Hecksher, a PBSUCCESS participant who was the main project contact for AMWORLD.

104-10308-10080: MEMO: AMWORLD OPERATION

This undated memo is among those cited by Lamar Waldron, due to its focus on November and December of 1963, and the rumors of Mafia involvement it notes.

104-10308-10095: DELIVERY OF SENSTIVE MATERIAL TO AMWORLD

This memo from June 1964 documents continuing CIA support of the project, even to the extent that its subject is "delivery to them of 2,000 lbs. of C-4 and the leaflet bombs which we are holding for them."

Ultimate Sacrifice

This page about Lamar Waldron's book Ultimate Sacrifice contains links to many other AMWORLD documents.

104-10109-10170: PROJECT REPORT

10/16/64 memo: AMWORLD was an "autonomous" operation. Hecksher and the CIA would provide funds and materials. Control was in the hands of Artime/AMBIDDY-1. His second in command was Rafael Quintero; third in command was Cesar Baro/AMYUM-19. Hecksher's staff was his secretary Bobbie Hernandez, her husband Raul Hernandez, Carl Jenkins, Dick Beal, a career Logistics employee assigned to AMWORLD, and Beal's secretary Miss Gwen Thornton. Four pages on, the writer adds, "To my knowledge, Project AMWORLD is the only Agency activity authorized by the White House to conduct sabotage operations against and in Cuba. It was this group that raided and devastated the sugar mill in approximately the spring of this year. To my knowledge, by Presidential request, no sabotage operations have been launched from JMWAVE since the first of the year. I gathered that personnel at JMWAVE possessed certain ill feelings toward AMWORLD and toward ARTIME since it was the only operation that was allowed to conduct sabotage operations."

104-10241-10153: DISPATCH:AMBIDDY-1'S CRITERIA IN THE SELECTION OF PERSONNEL

11/14/63: Fitzgerald wrote Shackley about why Artime has been chosen as the leader of the Cuban exile forces: "What we are trying to put across (and AMYUM-19 should be made to grasp this) is to counteract an outstanding Cuban characteristic viz instead of rallying in the face of common peril, to break up into contending factions. To combat this, the federative approach has been tried in the past and found impracticable. We do not intend to try again."

104-10098-10093 DISPATCH:AMWORLD - SAFEHOUSE

10/31/63 A safehouse for AMWORLD is set up in Mexico City by Station reps and James E. Beckhoff/Henry Hecksher. Whether or not it was true, reps were told to let it slip that Beckhoff/Hecksher was a "publicity expert".

Deadly Secrets, Warren Hinckle and William Turner (Thunder's Mouth Press, 1992), pp. 165-167.

"With Bobby's (RFK's) juice, Artime found himself on a CIA retainer of $1,500 a month to revive his Movement for the Recovery of the Revolution (MRR). Before long the MRR was receiving a steady $250,000 a month to launch an ambitious operation code-named Second Naval Guerilla. The objective: To attack Cuban shipping and mount commando raids on shore installations. The CIA would supply the funding and logistical support, intelligence data, and guidance. Artime would function independently but submit each operation to the CIA for approval." A naval base was set up in Monkey Point in Nicaragua and two jungle camps on the property of right-wing Colonel Vico Starki Jiminez. The "navy" was the cargo ships Joanne and Santa Maria, with the CIA allowing the MRR to borrow the speedy ex-subchaser Tejana III. The commander in Costa Rica "was the redoubtable Pepe San Roman, who had become an unofficial military advisor to Bobby Kennedy."

104-10241-10045: CABLE:FOLLOWING FROM AMLINT-1 IN 3 AUG 63 AMOT REPORT DD-315

9/10/63 memo from JMWAVE to Director: "Gilberto (Rodriguez) Hernandez, responsible for military affairs (in) Paulino Sierra's organizing committee, told AMLINT-1 that in his opinion entire "maneuver" of Central American countries and Nicaragua re training bases for (Cub) nothing but political maneuver of (RFK) to protect (JFK) in coming elections and also harm plans of Sierra's committee. Committee is feared as already has $650,000 in Miami bank to make war on (Cuba). Rodriguez said (Manuel Artime) and Ruiz Williams just fakers at served of (White House) and (White House) had to create an intel agency, (DIA), for these objectives because (CIA) so discredited already that not even (White House officials) had any respect for it."

Contributors:
MFF • Bill Simpich

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