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Cryptonym: AMULAR

Definition:
The most likely candidate is Paul Bethel. Number two might be David Phillips.
Status:
Speculative
Discussion:
AMULAR's contacts Rubio Padilla and Silvio Cardenas were active in the anti-Castro Accion Democratica Christiana (ADC) group in Cuba. (See the notes for AMBLAB-1).
Sources:

Official History of the Bay of Pigs Operation, Volume III: Evolution of CIA's Anti-Castro Policies, 1959 - January 1961 Current Section: Part VI: Mr. Nixon's Role

4/1/60: At a meeting at Pawley's home in Miami, "there was considerable discussion as to who should be the nominal leaders of this government in exile, with Pawley pushing in particular for Dr. Rubio Padilla and the Agency's representatives supporting Dr. Antonio Varona...Col. King pointed out that over and above a bond issue which will be floated in the name of the government in exile with Mr. Pawley's help, that donations are being made by private citizens and corporations." Two pages later, Tracy Barnes expressed concern about Pawley and the "extremely conservative" people working with Pawley...officers "discussed the pros and cons of cutting off the communications channel between Pawley and the Rubio groups into Cuba - a channel which was provided by the Agency's communications facility...whether it was political expediency or conviction that Pawley could actually do some good, the relationship among Pawley, Chief (J.C. King) WH Division, and Chief, WH/4 (Jack Esterline) continued throughout the course of the Bay of Pigs operation."

104-10061-10115; LIST OF NAMES RE KENNEDY ASSASSINATION INVESTIGATION

Marginalia on this HSCA document created by the CIA employees indicates that AMULAR was affiliated with the BOAC - the Bloque de Organizaciones Anticomunista.

104-10193-10431: DISPATCH: SUBJ: REPORT ON THE AMYUM ORGANIZATION SUBMITTED BY THE NATIONAL DIRECTORATE

June 1960 memo from AMYUM to AMBIDDY-1: "The BOAC has integrated within its group some eix or seven organizations, almost all ex-military; I believe that it numbers among its members the Honorable Cuervo Rubio and the Honorable Alonso Pujol, et cetera; according to what the BOAC here says they are BOAC - a bloc of anti-communist organizations which is rpeorted to be the primary body of organized underground and combat opposition faced by Castro. Reportedly has MRR support in Oriente. Functions under board of directors of 10 men, mostly professionals. Issued a manifesto calling for free Cuban elections; supports democracy and friendship with the West."

104-10192-10245: ALBERTO DIAZ MASVIDAL, LAWYER, RETURNED HAVANA FROM MIAMI, MEXICO, CUATEMALA AND COSTA RICA

6/23/60 cable: "Alberto Diaz Masvidal, lawyer, returned Havana 18 June from two to three week trip to Miami, Mexico, Guatemala, and Costa Rica. Called on AMULAR who has known him both socially and in business sense for past ten years. Confided to AMULAR that he back in Cuba to do an eonomic analysis for "friends" who will use his report as part of anti-Castro economic campaign...AMULAR told Diaz there was little he could do (to) help with visas but if he would provide names and other pertinent data he would sound out his embassy friends."

pdf PDF version: 66143K Foreign Relations of the United States, 1958-1960, Volume VI: Cuba Current Section: 617. 12/6/60 - Despatch from the Embassy in Cuba to the Department of State.

"Little is known about (the BOAC's) membership. One of the principal figures is said to be Gustavo Cuervo. The directors are for the most part in Miami...The bloc was also active at one time with well-edited conservative propaganda."

104-10265-10078: CABLE: FOLLOWING IS SUMMARY 9 MARCH REPLY TO RUBIO, WHICH BEING

3/14/60 memo from WH/4 Martha Tharpe to Havana: Re QDDALE's nine page letter to Rubio, steps that "could be taken (include)...penetrating the Secretariat of Bishops to neutralize work (of) these gentlemen. For example, I have suggested doing this to Oriente Archbishop, using Monsignor Angel Hernandez...we must begin organizing the youth into groups for sabotage."

104-10271-10268: CABLE: HQS CONCURS IN DESIRABILITY INCLUDING MANUEL RAY, FAUSTINO PEREZ

6/24/60: Bernie Reichardt to Havana, JMASH: "Station received info thru AMULAR that Diaz (had met with eight former Castro officials)...group includes Faustino Perez and Roberto Agramonte..."

Larry Hancock, Someone Would Have Talked (2003 edition), p. 120.

Paul Bethel and William Pawley were active in the Citizens Committee to Free Cuba, along with other well-known personalities such as Claire Boothe Luce.

104-10219-10413: CABLE: DURING 3 HOUR DISCUSSION WITH LITAMIL-1 NIGHT 14 JAN HE AGAIN SET FORTH

1/15/60 memo reveals who the other dissatisfied former Castro employees were besides Faustino Perez: A three hour meeting with Litamil-1 revealed the other july 26 members dissatisfied: Gustavo Arcos y Bergnes, Orlando Ventura Reyes, Pedro Miret Prieto, Manuel Carbonell Duque, and Omar Fernandez, among others. Compare this with TFW's Loci of Power memo two years later re July 26 members who "may be conspiring against regime": Who is dissatisfied? The first seven names are "Major Pedro Miret Prieto, Gustavo Arcos y Bergnes, (his brother) Sebastian Arcos, Orlando Ventura Reyes, Manuel Carbonell Duque, Major Faustino Perez, Omar Fernandez Minister of Transportation...the next names are Rolando Cubela and other Cuban government officials...the first seven are part of the same group meeting with LITAMIL-1 two years earlier. https://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=101171&search=%22orlando_ventura%22#relPageId=7&tab=page

104-10049-10344: CONTACT WITH ANTI-CASTRO GROUP IN CUBA

1/15/60: AMULAR was acquainted with QDDALE and was friends with Mr. Silvio Cardenas - AMULAR could handle the monitoring of Cardenas' group.

104-10265-10090: CABLE: CONTACTED CARDENAS EVENING 15 FEBRUARY. CARDENAS ASKED FOLLOWING

2/16/60: AMULAR sends Cardenas msg about Varona interested in "joining junta", Trujillo, diplomatic pouch and (Fabio Freyre) “Fabre” in Miami. Reference to "Junta" is to one of many anti-Castro groups active at time.

Contributors:
Bill Simpich • John Newman

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