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Cryptonym: AMTOKEN-1

Definition:
Jose C. Fernandez Martin. He and the other AMTOKENs served under Captain Ernesto Despaigne as the CRC military staff. In September 1962 AMTOKEN-1 was being considered for advanced U.S. Army training.
Status:
Unknown
Discussion:
However, AMTOKEN-1 was not at that time of operational interest to JMWAVE, while his close friend (First name unknown) Hernandez was. Therefore, AMTOKEN-1 remained on the trainees list. The list was compiled in collaboration with AMBUD-1 (Jose Miro Cardona).
Sources:

104-10228-10239: CABLE:REQUEST POAS ON FOLLOWING SUBJS MEMBERS CRC MILITARY

1/26/62 cable from JMWAVE to Director, slugline JMZIP PM: All of these men below are described as "the CRC military staff" with marginalia staring "under Despaigne". Marginalia at top states "Crypts AMTOKEN", with a reference to Jose G. Fernandez Martin, 201-314494, DPOB 8/26/24, as A-1 or AMTOKEN-1. The other members of AMTOKEN are identified as Amador Ernesto Rene Iguanzo San Roman as AMTOKEN-2, Candido Esiquio Molinet Perez as AMTOKEN-3, Humberto Fernando Olivero Perez as AMTOKEN-4, and Carlos F. A. Perez Vivero as AMTOKEN-5.

104-10235-10260: DISPATCH-TRANSMITTAL OF CURRENT LIST RECOMMENDED FOR TRAINING IN U.S. ARMY

7/5/62 dispatch: Chief, TFW Bill Harvey sends to Chief, JMWAVE a list of 12 Cubans recommended for training in the US Armed Forces. Fernandez Martin is on this list, as is Tomas Cabanas Batista, Tomas A. Arias Cruz, Roberto Perez San Roman, Enrique Cue Somarriba, Oscar Alfonso Carol, Jose C. Fernandez Martin, Jose T. U. Viamontes y Jardines, Rolando Zubizaretta Besu, Carlos H. Fernandez Trimino, Francisco P. Fernandez Pina, Inocente R. Garcia Fonseca, Ernesto Despaigne Perez, Candido Molinet Perez.

104-10235-10447: CABLE-PASSAVOY TRANSMITTED REF LIST AMBUD-1 WHO MADE SOME REVISIONS AND INCLUDED FOUR ALTERNATES

7/16/62 memo from JMWAVE to Director, slugline GYROSE: "PASSAVOY transmitted ref list AMBUD-1 who made some revisions and included four alternates. Early 16 July PASSAVOY received phone call from Hurwitch who asked if list ready. After receiving affirmative reply Hurwitch told PASSAVOY he had talked with Air Force who agreed accept three or four trainees. Therefore advised PASSAVOY inform AMBUD-1 substitute four Air Force officers in place of Army officers. These to be senior officers, but not to receive pilot training. Total remains at twelve. Will forward this revised list when completed. The list itself is at Reel 69, Folder L - AMBUD - ACTIVITIES RE PROPOSED U.S. MILITARY PROGRAM, p. 256: Ernesto Despaigne Perez, Jose Elias Monteagudo Fleites, Tomas Cabana Batista, Enrique Cue Somarriba, Oscar Alfonso Carol, Armando Guerra, Jose T. U. Viamontes y Jardines, Rolando Zubizaretta Besu, Juan A. Hernandez Hernandez, Manuel de J. G. Martinez Arbona. The alternates were Armando Guerra, Carlos H. Fernandez Trimino, Francisco P. Fernandez Pina, Inocente R. Garcia Fonseca. 104-10235-10258: 4 Air Force officers included: Luis Cosme Toribio, Matias Farias Alejo, Antonio Soto Vasquez, and Rene Garcia Fernandez. The army slots 9-12 were at the top of a list of 8 Army alternates. Air Force alternates: Mario Alvarez Cortina, Gonzalo Herrera Cabrer, and Francisco A. Cuadra Aguirre.

104-10228-10108: CABLE: SUBJ REF HAS BEEN SERVING AS UNWITTING ACCOMMODATION IN MIAMI CUBAN OP

09/15/62, Cable from Director to JMWAVE: "1. Subject ref has been serving as unwitting accommodation address in Miami ACSI Cuban op. Suggest WAVE discuss Subject with ACSI Miami to determine who has rightest equity in him. Tho ACSI clearly has body rights, ACSI HQs controls that body up for negotiation. 2. FYI Subject close friend AMTOKEN/1 in which ACSI also interested. WAVE should include him in para 1 discussions. Further, both AMTOKEN/1 and Subject are alternate candidates for CRC advanced ODIBEX (U.S. Army) training program."

104-10235-10441: CABLE-AS INTERIM REPLY REF A PLEASE NOTE THAT HERNANDEZ AND AMTOKEN-1 LISTED AS CANDIDATES, NOT ALTERNATES

09/18/62, Cable from WAVE to Director: REFS: A. DIR 36499. B. WAVE 5896. C. WAVE-8584. "1. As interim reply Ref A please note that Hernandez and AMTOKEN-1 listed as candidates, not alternates, for advanced ODIBEX training. However, Ref C advises that Hernandez now dropped from list trainees since WAVE has op interest this individual. WAVE has no current ops interest AMTOKEN-1 therefore remains on trainee list. This list compiled in collaboration AMBUD-1. 2. Recent requests from HQs for WAVE traces indicate there might be some overlapping personnel-wise this ODIBEX program and ACSI Cuban program. Please advise."

104-10228-10325: DISPATCH:AGENT PERSONNEL

9/21/62 dispatch from Chief of Station, JMWAVE to Chief, TFW: Jose Fernandez Martin and most of his AMTOKEN colleagues are on the list described below. "Individuals below are no longer of operational interest to the Station. It is requested that POAs be cancelled. The first name listed is Ernesto Despaigne Perez, 201-310981. "These agents were part of the AMBUD Military Section which was to recruit and train infiltree candidates from the independent exile groups. This program was never initiated, and finally dropped, as the AMBUD Military Section could not recruit any worthwhile infiltree candidates. (CIA) maintained liaison contact with Ernesto Despaigne Perez, head of the AMBUD Military Section, through Horace D. Bickelhaupt for the purpose of monitoring the activities of the AMBUD Military Section, provide guidance, establish a training program, and provide other necessary support as required." Also see 1994.05.19.09:45:56:280005: Reel 63, Folder L - CUBAN REVOLUTIONARY COUNCIL (CRC) - MILITARY ACTIVITIES

1994.06.24.14:03:32:690005: Reel 69, Folder L - AMBUD - ACTIVITIES RE PROPOSED U.S. MILITARY PROGRAM

9/26/62 memo: "The Joint Chiefs of Staff memo indicated that the following named officers of the Army group of names submitted as principals or alternates had been eliminated for lack of English qualification: Jose C. Fernandez Martin, Rolando Zubizaretta Besu, Juan A. Hernandez Hernandez, Jose Elias Monteagudo Fleitas, Manuel de J. G. Martinez Arbona, Armando Guerra Iglesias, Carlos M. Fernandez Trimiao, Inocente R. Garcia Fonseca. The Army Training went to: Category 1: Oscar Alfonso Carol Armando, Tomas Cabana Batista, Ernesto Despaigne Perez. Category 2: Francisco Pascual Fernandez Pina, Jose T.U. Viamontes Jardines. Category 3: Enrique Cue Somarriba, Tomas R. Arias Cruz. Category 4: Roberto Perez San Roman. Air Force Training Plan: Category 1: Mario Alvarez Cortina, Matias Farios Riejo, Antonio Soto Vasquez. Category 2: Luis Cosme Toribo. Page 227: ACSI knows that a number of its assets are in this program and have no concerns.

104-10511-10008: DISPATCH: SUBJECT - PASSAVOY MEMORANDUM NO. 378: RECOMMENDATIONS FOR TRAINING OF ADDITIONAL CUBAN OFFICERS IN EXILE WITH RELATED ATTACHMENT

12/11/62 dispatch from Chief of Station, JMWAVE to Chief, TFW: "JMWAVE ran card traces on all names on these lists: Professional Career Army Officers, Officers of Rebel Army, and Officers of Liberation Army. Two included in Professional Officers list were deleted due to Station interest: Manuel Rodriguez Treto and Jose Lopez Castillo. The Rebel Officers list includes two names on which derogatory information exists in JMWAVE files, Francisco Rodriguez Tamayo and Manuel R. Penabaz Tubio. Due to these three names, "we are forwarding the lists to Headquarters to be passed to IDENTITY (see 104-10511-10108, p. 105 - Brig. General Charles E. Johnson) rather than through PASSAVOY, since Headquarters might want to also exclude the three individuals involved prior to sending them forward." See 104-10233-10186, pp. 7-9: Jose Fernandez Martin and most of the AMTOKENS are among those on the Professional Officers List; Francisco Rodriguez Tamayo, Higinio Diaz/AMNORM-1 and Ricardo Lorie/QDCOVE are among those on the Rebel Officers list; Jose Basulto and Carlos Lopez Ona are among those on the Liberation Officers list.

Contributors:
Gavin McDonald • Bill Simpich

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