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Cryptonym: AMTHROB-9

Definition:
Ramon Cubenas Conde. Member of UR, MDC, and latterly Comandos L. Died on October 27, 1964, in an apparent accident at sea near Key West.
Status:
Probable
Discussion:
On June 18, 1963, Cubenas was served with an INS notice not to depart Dade County, after his alleged involvement in a Comandos L raid on Cuba in that month. In addition, a raid in late September 1963 by US Customs on a house in Miami confiscated a cache of explosives and weaponry. Cubenas was at this residence at the time of the raid, along with well known Cuban exiles, Ramon Font Samuel and Humberto Tamayo Rodriguez. Also, the only survivor from the alleged accident that took Cubenas's life was Carlos Hernandez, known as "El Aura." It is not clear whether this is the Cuban exile linked with the DRE in the 1960s or not. The 201 number on AMTHROB-9's POA (201-282499) in November 1962 matches that of Ramon Cubenas Conde's in the CIA document on the UR in April 1963. There is an undated CIA document that attributes a different 201 number to Cubenas, 201-232499, but it is likely that the writer of the document made a mistake, and that 201-282499 is the correct one for AMTHROB-9/Cubenas.
Sources:

104-10226-10162: DISPATCH: UNIDAD REVOLUCIONARIA (UR) MILITARY COORDINATION

01/01/61, Dispatch from Chief of Base, JMWAVE to Chief, WHD: Pages 2 and 3: ..."2. The following persons are members of the UR, their addresses, pseudonyms, etc. assigned to them by the UR:...Page 3: H). Ramon CUBENAS Conde, 826 SW 6th St., Apt. 7, Miami; 725 NE 24th St., Apt. 8, Miami, FR 4-8940. Pseudonym: 'Duncan'; Cryptonym: 9-8; Radio Pseudonym: 'Bob'; Cryptonym: 29-8; Written Pseudonym: 'Lou'; Cryptonym: 39-8; Verbal Pseudonym: 'Peter'; Cryptonym: 49-8...."

1994.06.02.15:07:15:780005: Reel 61, Folder B - UNIDAD REVOLUTIONARIA.

05/02/61: CIA document: Page 171: "'UNIDAD REVOLUCIONARIA': Relacion de Halcones:...2. Ramon Cubenas Conde..."

104-10271-10227: DISPATCH: SUBJECT - MEMBERS OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE MOVIMIENTO DEMOCRATA CRISTIANO

07/05/61, Dispatch from Chief of Base, JMWAVE to Chief, WHD: "1. On 1 July 1961 AMPAL-1 furnished Base WAVE with a list of the members of the Executive Committee of the Movimiento Democrata Cristiano (MDC). AMPAL-1 got the list from Dr. Rafael AGUIRRE, whose name is on the list. 2. Members of the Executive Committee of the MDC:...Vice Secretary of Propaganda: Jose A. CUBENAS (relation of Ramon Cubenas?)...In charge of military matters: Ramon CUBENAS..."

104-10226-10084: PROVISIONAL OPERATIONAL APPROVAL

11/27/62, CIA document: from CI/Operational Approval Division to Chief, Task Force W: "Number: C-84485, Subject: AMTHROB-9....POA is reinstated until 25 February 1963....(Handwritten note: 201-282499)."

104-10166-10226: UNIDAD REVOLUCIONARIA

04/16/63, CIA document: Page 94: ...."58. CUBENAS Conde, Ramon (Handwritten: 201-282499): Reported Jul 61 as member UR Commando group 'Halcones Negros. (24)"

124-90106-10025: FBI REPORT: COMANDOS L, INTERNAL SECURITY - CUBA, REGISTRATION ACT - CUBA, NEUTRALITY MATTERS

09/24/63, FBI Report from Miami to Director: "On September 23, 1963, Mr. WALLACE SHANLEY, U.S. Customs Agent, Miami, Florida, advised that on September 21, 1963, at about 4:00 P.M., U.S. Customs agents and police from the Dade County, Florida Department of Public Safety raided a residence at 121 Southeast Eighth Court, Hialeah, Florida, and encountered a number of arms, bombs, and weapons. Mr. SHANLEY stated that the closets, rooms and garage of this residence contained a quantity of raw explosive materials for making bombs and that the police confiscated twelve gallon tins filled with corn meal, sixteen sticks of dynamite, twenty bombs made of cottage cheese containers with inserted fuses, about ten pounds of black powder, gasoline, and a large quantity of whiskey bottles to be used for making Molotov cocktails. The dynamite was in a deteorirated and dangerous condition and a special police bomb squad truck took the explosive material away for disposal. Mr. SHANLEY advised that U.S. Customs agents confiscated one 20 millimeter cannon, two automatic rifles, 30.06 caliber, one Remington 30 caliber rifle, one Japanese 25 caliber rifle, one Springfield 30 caliber M-1, one barrel for 50 caliber machine gun, one machine gun mount, 517 rounds of 30 caliber ammunition, 151 maps and charts of Cuba and adjacent areas, 21 empty clips for a 30 caliber automatic rifle, three shotgun shells of 16 gauge, one shotgun shell of 12 gauge. Mr. SHANLEY explained that the residence at 121 Southeast Eighth Court had been rented by GEORGETTE MEYERS and at the time the above material was confiscated, the following persons, members of Comandos L, were at the residence: FRANCISCO RAMON FONT SAMUEL...HUMBERTO TAMAYO RODRIGUEZ...RAMON CUBENAS CONDE, 975 Northwest 5th Street, Apartment 9, Miami..."

202-10001-10106: CIA INFORMATION REPORT: PLAN OF COMANDOS LIBRES TO ATTACK THE HENEQUEN PLANT...

09/24/63, Country: Cuba, Place & Date Acq.: United States (23 September 1963): Pages 2 and 3: ..."6. As of about 20 July '63 the following persons were members of Comandos Libres: ....Ramon Cubenas..."

124-10217-10029: INS DOCUMENT: CUBAN RAIDERS ORDERED NOT TO DEPART

02/28/64, INS document: ...."Name and File Number: CUBENAS CONDE, Ramon Antonio, A11 878 446, 105-119917 (Cubanos Libres). Immigration Status: Indefinite parole. Served with Notice Not to Depart: June 18, 1963. Restriction: Land Limits, Dade County, Fla...."

124-10217-10008: FBI REPORT FROM MIAMI

11/09/65, FBI document: Pages 17 and 18: "On October 15, 1965, MANUEL QUIZA DOCAL was interviewed by Special Agents JAMES J. O'CONNOR and GEORGE E. DAVIS, JR., at his place of employment, Jackson-Byron Warehouse, 70 N.E. 11th Street, Miami. QUIZA stated that RAMON CUBENAS, commonly known as 'CABALLO', was killed in an accident involving a boat fire fifteen miles at sea from Key West, Florida, about seven or eight months ago. QUIZA said he last saw CUBENAS about one and a half years ago when his wife and QUIZA's wife each had babies at Mercy Hospital. In June 1963, QUIZA accompanied CUBENAS on a clandestine trip to Cuba. QUIZA said that he did not know AIMEE MIRANDA and has no recollection of ever having gone to her house or to any apartment located at 218 S.W. 16th Avenue. QUIZA said that although CUBENAS was an educated man, he never saw him with a typewriter and he possessed no knowledge that CUBENAS could use a typewriter. On October 18, 1965, Mrs. LYDIA CUBENAS, 1549 S.W. 4th Street, Miami, advised that she is the widow of RAMON CUBENAS CONDE, who was commonly known as 'CABALLO'. She said her husband lost his life on October 27, 1964, in an accident which occurred at sea near Key West. Mrs. CUBENAS said that she does not know AIMEE MIRANDA and has no knowledge that her husband ever met AIMEE MIRANDA. She said that her husband was not interested in typewriters, never possessed a typewriter, and never bought one, to the best of her knowledge and belief. She emphasized that her husband was interested in guns and not typewriters....She expressed the opinion that her husband knew ORLANDO BOSCH since BOSCH is known publicly to fellow Cubans as an anti-CASTRO leader but her husband was never a member of BOSCH's organization and had no association with him or his organization. Mrs. CUBENAS said that the only survivor in the accident which resulted in the death of her husband is a Cuban exile named CARLOS HERNANDEZ, also known as 'El Aura'"....

104-10274-10265: EDEL MONTIEL-MEMBER OF JURE ACCORDING TO AMBIDDY/1 LIST. SUBJ

Undated CIA document: ..."4. Ramon CUBENAS - Not member of JURE according to AMBIDDY/1 list. Subject is possible identity Ramon CUBENAS Conde (201-232499) on whom a POA issued in August 1960 for PM ops. OA issued March 1963, but cancelled same month. WAVE advised he was unable to qualify for re-oriented IN/Intel teams. He was alleged to have participated in aborted raid against the ARECHABALA refinery in June 1963, with Cubanos Libres..."

104-10161-10066: CIA LIST

Undated, CIA document: ..."SP-822: Ramon CUBENAS Conde..."

Contributors:
Gavin McDonald

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