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Cryptonym: AMSPICE-1

Definition:
Geraldine Shamma de Carrera aka Geraldine Shamman de Carrera, close colleague of Manuel Artime in 1960.
Status:
Documented
Discussion:
As seen in the final source, Ms. Shamma's cryptonym is sufficiently "documented". Although the cryptonym does not appear in the records before 1964, the AMMUG-1 report appears that it was being used for some period before that date. Hancock - no problems with the crypt but I have some concerns about the associated info. As written it suggests that Sturgis recruited her for the embassy; which is either wrong or suggest an official relationship that needs to be substantiated. On the other hand another reference describes her meeting with Morales who would obviously be in a position to officially recruit her. Resolving the recruitment would tell us something important but as it stands it could be confusing and wrong as to the recruiter.
Sources:

104-10240-10129: MEMORANDUM:VISIT TO SEE MRS. GERALDINE SHAMMAN DE CARRERA, DETAINED

11/30/60 State Dept. memo from Wayne Gilchrist to James Brown: "Shamman" was arrested at her home on 11/5/60 and held in the women's prison, accused of being the "right hand man" of Manuel Artime. She admitted to her visitor that she was working with Artime's group, while denying it to her captors. For the past several months she was a contact to Major (Robert) Van Horn and Betty Perkins of the embassy's Air Attache office. Frank Sturgis allegedly recruited Shamma. http://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=105702&search=%22van_horn%22+AND+SHAMMA+SHAMMAN#relPageId=198&tab=page It should be noted that Van Horn was a frequent contact of Frank Sturgis during this same era. The 11/30/60 embassy memo was attached to this CIA memo 12/2/60, from COS Havana (signed by George D. Scorgory) to C/WH: http://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=20998#relPageId=2&tab=page

H. P. Albarelli, Jr., A Secret Order (2013)

This book states that Shamma frequently met in Havana with David Morales and Army Intelligence officer Frank Brandstetter. June Cobb frequently met with them as well.

104-10239-10296: DEBRIEFING REPORT #80 OF AMMUG-1: THE AMSPICE CASE

5/13/64: Memo to C/WH/3 from Harold Swenson, Chief, WH/SA/CI (chief of CI re Cuba). Discuss various Cuban government officials, who obtained info from defector AMMUG-1. Discussion about Oscar Garcia, who it appears was meeting with AMSPICE.

104-10181-10450: DISPATCH: TYPIC/AMSPICE/OPERATIONAL AMSPICE/1 CONTACT REPORT

12/16/65: Memo from Chief, JMWAVE to Chief, WH: AMSPICE-1 identifies her Cuban case officer as Manuel Vega Perez/AMPOON-1. Her bio number is 201-749653. A number of contacts within the AMSTRUT-2 network, and still recruiting new members as of 1965.

1993.07.20.20:07:38:710400: GERALDINE ISABELLA SHAMMA JUDGEMENT AGAINST CIA

3/8/76: Her lawyers wrote the CIA about her claim: That she had set up a counter-revolutionary network after being recruited by Frank Sturgis, that she was arrested and sentenced to 10 years and had her property confiscated by the Cuban government, and that she was working as a CIA agent. The judgment names other defendants, including Reinaldo Gonzalez Gonzalez/AMCALL-1. The Agency denied that Sturgis, Van Horn, and others were CIA-affiliated in any way.

104-10106-10248: SUBJ: CLAIMS - GERALDINE ISABELLA SHAMMA

4/6/76, memo from Richard Sampson, Chief, Latin American Division to General Counsel: "Since we have no files on Mrs. Shamma or her activities against Castro, we believe that any anti-Castro activities she engaged in were directed by the on-island MRR group."

104-10049-10008: GERALDINE ISABELLA SHAMMA

3/31/76: This memo from LAD's Chris Hopkins to William Sturbitts identifies 201-749653 as AMSPICE-1, after a long discussion about the role of Shamma. I would treat this memo as documentation of her identity.

http://jfk.hood.edu/Collection/White%20Materials/White%20Assassination%20Clippings%20Folders/Security%20Folders/Security-CIA/CIA%201267.pdf

This 1975 article reveals that she was involved in high-level spying on the Castros as early as 1959, obtaining pictures of their Communist Party cards. Her prison terms was for 2 1/2 years. She was married to Alfred Suarez, heir to a Cuban tobacco fortune.

Fabian Escalante, The Secret War (Ocean Press, 1995), pp. 48-49.

During October 1960 "the G-2 penetrated the CIA station in the US embassy, headed by Colonel Erickson S. Nichols and Major Robert Van Horn, both military attaches. The objective of these spies was to organize the counterrevolution in the city of Havana. They were to carry out a broad subversive plan which included blowing up the Nico Lopez Oil Refinery and the Tallapiedra Electrical Plant, promoting uprisings in the Escambray and carryng out attempts on the lives of leaders of the revolution, Fidel Castro in particular. Among the most important CIA agents involved in these plans was Geraldine Shapman, a Bostonian married to a millionaire tobacco manufacturer. She was recruited by Major Van Horn and was one of the key persons coordinating the arms shipments to the Escambray. She was arrested on November 15, when a large cache of weapons and explosives was found in an apartment she owned...in (the Siboney neighborhood) in the municipality of Marianao."

Contributors:
Bill Simpich

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