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Cryptonym: AMSPELL

Definition:
The Directorio Revolucionario Estudiantil, or DRE (Cuban Student Directorate). DRE delegate Carlos Bringuier had the famous altercation with Lee Oswald in New Orleans in the summer of 1963, and DRE members quickly spread information about Oswald after JFK's assassination.
Status:
Documented
Discussion:
Gen. Edwin Walker attended a DRE meeting in Dallas on 10/13/63. https://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=57746&search=%22bank_in+a+shopping+center+in+dallas%22#relPageId=26&tab=page In June, 1962, Bill Harvey gave the DRE the cryptonym of AMSPELL. When adding the DRE to the name, it spelled out DRE/AMSPELL. (See 104-10171-10030) 104-10431-10003, p. 12: Many of the AMSPELL operations are found in HSCA Reel 25, which can be found on MFF. Ray Rocca wrote in 1967 that DRE was "initially set up as a "psych war outfit": https://www.archives.gov/files/research/jfk/releases/104-10013-10387.pdf
Sources:

104-10213-10085: MEMORANDUM: DATA ON THE DRE AND SEVERAL CUBAN EXILES

Subject, DRE: "The DRE was founded by a group of students at Habana University in 1954 as an instrument of opposition to the regime of Fulgencio Batista...

104-10170-10156: GARRISON'S CHARGES AGAINST CIA

CIA memo to the DCI: describes DRE as "an anti-Castro organization conceived, created and funded by CIA." (Written 9/15/67)

180-10142-10246: DIRECTARIO REVOLUCIONARIO ESTUDIANTIAL (DRE)

"In late spring of 1960, three DRE leaders, Alberto Mueller, Ernesto Fernandez Travieso and Juan Manuel Salvat Roque escaped from Cuba...undated news article, 'Red Terrorism Rules at Havana University' by Hal Hendrix, Miami News, and arrived in Miami...However, when they became officially under the wing of the CIA, it was decided the DRE should become an affiliate but not a member of the (FRD)."

10AH81: HSCA Report, Volume X

"By April 1961, 400 (DRE) guerillas were operating effectively from the Sierra Maestra mountains. Nevertheless, 74 men were captured concurrently with a failure to receive air-dropped supplies...The DRE chief of military intelligence told the (HSCA) committee he thought the (Bay of Pigs) invasion was designed to fail and that it was only conceived to relieve the pressure building in the anti-Castro exile community."

104-10171-10026: CABLE RE CURRENT STATUS OF DRE

6/22/61 book cable from Director to 18 stations: "(CIA) sponsored (DRE) based Miami now maintains pool of capable and qualified student representatives available for three to six month assignment any given area. These youths experienced clandestine agents in Cuban struggle and will be briefed to exploit all prop media in fight against Castro and communism...Request stations express their interest (in) these assignments."

104-10213-10085 MEMORANDUM: DATA ON THE DRE AND SEVERAL CUBAN EXILES

"As of March 1962 the DRE was receiving $9000 a month from the Agency for salaries of 55 assets in Miami, Florida, and $2000 a month for overhead costs...Agency support to the DRE was terminated by mid-1967."

104-10170-10051: AMSPELL PROGRESS REPORT FOR SEPTEMBER 1962

9/27/62 memo by Harold Noemayr (Ross Crozier): "(DRE) feels that (US) policy on (Cuba) cannot be influenced by the rising tide of public opinion and congressional action, partly because (JFK) is surrounded by a group of advisors who are 'one step from being parlor pinks or worse'. The list began with Chester Bowles."

104-10171-10003: G-2 PENETRATION ACTION AGAINST AMSPELL ORGANIZATION AND OTHER GROUPS

1/22/63 dispatch between Chief of Station, JMWAVE to Chief, TFW: "On 4 January 1963 AMHINT-27 met with QUANTUM-51 in New York City, and QUANTUM-51 advised him that Jorge Medina Bringuier, the Secretary General of AMSPELL in (Cuba), is a G-2 agent. Medina and Aedo (first name unknown), who were said by QUANTUM-51 to be on the AMSPELL National Executive, were actually G-2 penetrations. They planned to 'roll up' the entire AMSPELL organization and 'other groups' in one sweep and then escape by boat and contact AMHINT-53 in the JMWAVE area. Medina was in contact with AMHINT-53 while in Cuba and planned to use AMHINT-53 to establish his bona fides with (CIA)."

104-10308-10170: MEMO: DRE - DIRECTORIO REVOLUTIONARIO ESTUDIANTIL (STUDENT REVOLUTIONARY DIRECTORY)

1/28/63, from JMWAVE to HQ: "Jorge MEDINA Bringuier, Sec. Gen. of the DRE in Cuba, was G-2 agent, that MEDINA was in contact with FERNANDEZ (note: Juan Fernandez, AMHINT-56) while in Cuba and planned to use FERNANDEZ to establish his bona fides with CIA."

104-10181-10113: MEMORANDUM FOR THE RECORD: POSSIBLE DRE ANIMUS TOWARDS PRESIDENT KENNEDY

4/3/67 Art Dooley summary: "The DRE was an anti-communist student organization funded covertly by CIA. It was known by the cryptonym AMSPELL. In the fall of 1962, the DRE organization in Cuba was penetrated and wrapped-up by the DGI...Lee Harvey Oswald approached Carlos Bringuier, the New Orleans delegate of the Cuban Student Directorate on 5 August 1963 and volunteered to join the organization and to help train Cubans to fight against Castro. Bringuier turned him down believing him to be either an FBI informant or Communist penetration agent...According to Paul Oberst, of the Cuban Operations Group (COG/CA) CIA did not fund this organization although we had contacts with some of its members. It is abundantly clear that the DRE had no part of the Kennedy assassination. Oswald was never a member of the DRE, which in fact rejected him."

Contributors:
Dr. Juan B. Giusti • Bill Simpich

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