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Cryptonym: AMSCROLL

Definition:
UR, also known as Unidad Revolucionaria. Its organizing membership was described as impatient former members of the MRR, well-educated and with the skills needed to overthrow a government.
Status:
Documented
Sources:

104-10226-10225: Dispatch: Amscroll Progress Report, October 1963

The progress report describes Unidad as the house organ for AMSCROLL.

104-10226-10223: DISPATCH: GERARGO BARRERA ALVERA

Biological sketch and contact list of a possible recruit to AMSCROLL is provided on UR letterhead.

104-10226-10225: DISPATCH: AMSCROLL PROGRESS REPORT, OCTOBER 1963

UR started being referred to as AMSCROLL during 1963, probably because of their bent towards written propaganda.

104-10520-10090: CABLE: WAVE BELIEVES THAT WITH MODEST AMOUNT NEGOTIATION UNIDAD REVOLUCIONARIA

4/5/61 memo from WAVE to BELL: "UR strength (26 separate organizations) is primarily within Cuba rather than in exile and their point of view seems to represent interest of well educated and well intentioned non-political types to get on with the job of getting rid of Castro."

HSCA Report, Volume X Current Section: XI. Junta del Gobierno de Cuba en el Exilio

Dr. Paulino Sierra Martinez led a new effort to bring together Cubans from a variety of organizations in 1963 with the JGCE. He was advanced 30 million for this effort, far more than anyone else ever had to work with. The Juan Medina Vega faction of UR joined in this effort. Pepin Bosch was a participant, the president of Bacardi Rum. His financial backers were rumored to include gambling interests, gangsters, and wealthy Texans. He worked with Jerry Hemming pals like Steve Wilson and Dannis Lynn Harber. He gave money to arms dealer Rich Lauchli for guns in August. His operation started up in March 1963 and was defunct by Jan. 1964, which got a lot of attention.

104-10048-10414: REPORT OF A LARGE SCALE OPERATION AGAINST CUBA BY EXILE GROUPS

CIA cable, 3/25/63: "A large strike against targets in Cuba, to take place during the week of 25 March, is being planned by a group of anti-Castro organizations in exile. Felipe Vidal Santiago is in charge of the operation which will involve elements of the Unidad Revolucionario (Revolutionary Unity), MDC faction which is led by Laureano Batista (AMPALM-2), and the group headed by Comandante Emilio Duque; Duque has just arrived in Miami from Puerto Rico. Finances have been arranged by Julio Lobo (AMEMBER-1) and Orlando Bosch Avila (AMDITTO-23)...the actual purpose of the strike is to put ashore in Cuba two landing forces, one under Duque in the Escambray area and the other in Oriente."

Larry Hancock, Someone Would Have Talked (Lancer, 2010), Appendix D

"A list of the armed exiles organizations' groups potentially most dangerous to Fidel Castro in the early 1960's would likely begin with Unidad Revolucionario/UR, formed within Cuba in 1960 and composed of participants from 27 independent groups including Movimento Liberacion, MRD, MRR, Rescate, and 30 November...(UR leader Alberto Fernandez Echevarria, AMDENIM-1 worked with Kleberg of King Ranch who) helped Fernandez to negotiate and fund the purchase of an ex-Navy sub chaser for penetration and supply missions into Cuba. The ship was located in New Orleans...Tejana missions, personally led by Fernandez, commenced infiltration missions in March 1961...the Tejana's crew included two men whose names would become legendary in independent exile military operations, Tony Cuesta (AMDENIM-14) and Eduardo ("Eddie Bayo") Perez Gonzalez (AMDENIM-11). Cuesta and Perez had earlier joined a very special Unidad military group called Los Halcones Negros (the Black Falcons) whose chief was former Rebel Army Captain Jose Lopez (pseudonym 'Oswaldo') and which also included Luis Posada Carriles (AMCLEVE-15)."

1994.04.25.13:51:29:440005: Reel 5, Folder I - UNIDAD REVOLUCIONIA (UR).

4/19/63, dispatch from Chief of Station, JMWAVE to Chief, Special Affairs Staff, Attachment A: "...The organizing membership (of UR) consisted mainly of former members of the MRR, impatient over inactivity and disillusioned by the inability of its National Coordinator to obtain effective support...during 1960. Behind the planning for the UR based on the unification theory was Rafael DIAZ Hanscomb (aka RAFAEL), MRR National Coordinator for intelligence."

104-10233-10330: UR AND ECONOMIC GROUP PARTICIPATION IN CRC

2/7/62 from Unknown (possibly AMOT-11) to "Al, Bob, Rocky and Phil". Al is probably Al Rodriguez/Earl Williamson. Rocky is probably Rocky Farnsworth/Jack Hawkins: "In line with my conversation with Rocky, I asked Dr. Miro at our meeting today whether the UR had given him any further indications of joining the CRC...He informed me that personally he believes that Alberto Echeverria, the coordinator of the UR, wishes to join the CRC...the UR considers itself a group that unites other groups, and therefore it would like to see several of the present groups in the CRC be eliminated if the UR were brought into the CRC...(Dr. Miro) agreed that it all appears to be a matter of political jockeying."

http://ourhiddenhistory.org/jfk2017-files/JFK-July_2017_Release-Formerly_released_in_part-1of4/104-10169-10035.pdf

11/7/63 memo from Chief, JMWAVE to Chief, San Juan: AMSCROLL is subsidized by a group of Latin Americans including SKEWER-1.

Contributors:
Bill Simpich

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