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Cryptonym: AMPALM

Definition:
Described as the MRP/MRR complex circa 1960. An early effort, aided by CIA, to develop an organized anti-Castro united political front.
Status:
Documented
Discussion:
One of the major elements of the original JMARC program was to develop an organized exile political front which could ultimately be declared a legitimate government in exile.
Sources:

104-10192-10155: CABLE RE MRR/AMPALM-4 RELATIONSHIP

5/6/60 memo from Miami to Director: "...JMARC objectives believe it essential (to) meet political entanglements such as appear to exist in MDC/MRR/AMPALM-4 relationship promptly and unequivocally...his exact relationship with MDC/MRR AMPALM vague...realize MIAM lacking in information on evolution AMPALM-4 present position in relation JMARC and relationship to political elements outside MDC/MRR complex."

104-10271-10039: DISPATCH: OPERATIONAL/ ORGANIZATION

3/4/60 memo on the unification effort of the anti-Castro forces by Wilmer Aretz, with attachments. This map of the AMPALM Group Directorate shows AMPALM-2/Laureano Batista Falla of the MDC as head of "Political Action" and Angel Fernandez Varela/AMPALM-4 of the MRR as head of "Paramilitary".

We need more 124-90130-10027: No Title

6/30/64: At page 4 of 8, Special Agent William Mayo Drew interviews his source Francisco Rodriguez Tamayo, MM T-1. At page 5 of 8, the memo adds that MM T-1 says "he is acquainted" with Rodriguez Tamayo. The memo also states that Manuel Artime Buesa (AMBIDDY-1) is the head of MRR, an anti-Castro Cuban exile organization.

26. From Henry. Police picked up Eugenia 3 March

3/5/61: From JMRIMM to JMBELL: Whole net hiding. Apparently a note from Henry Sloman/Tony Sforza. His AMRYE net stayed in Cuba longer than any other Americans.

124-90041-10098: No Title

9/13/60 report of FBI agent Robert James Dwyer in Miami to Director: "(T)here was a split in the FRD between the action group of Nino Diaz, Antonio Michel Yarbor and Ricardo Lorie, members of the MRR. This action group claims that the desires of their group are frustrated by the political group of the FRD. The political group consists of Varona, Sanchez Arango, Carrillo and Artime." Later, at page 25 of 48: "Ricardo Lorie (QDCOVE), Higinio Diaz (AMNORM-1), Antonio Michel Yabor and Manuel Artime (AMBIDDY-1) are the leaders of this organization. These individuals are in disagreement as to the operation of the MRR and are no longer cooperating with each other." On 7/18/60 Lorie, Yabor and Diaz were expelled and Artime was named as the leader of the MRR (p. 26 of 48).

104-10271-10283: AMWORLD MEETING IN WASHINGTON 7-10 NOVEMBER 1963

November 7-10, 1963, memo by SAS/SO Henry Hecksher regarding AMWORLD and relations with the MDC: Initially, "the MDC was the visible and legal apparatus of a structure whose underground and military apparatus was the MRR. Subsequently, it was agreed to split up. This gave Jose Ignacio Rasco, the head of the MDC, two votes in the FRD. After the Bay of Pigs, the MDC broke up into three groups. The MRR maintains relations with the group under Laureano Batista and has contact with Busto's group. 'But we don't have contact with the group of Fernandez Baduey, i.e., the group of Lucas.' The rift between the MRR and the MDC faction headed by Fernandez Baduey is due to the fact that Baduey attempted the assassination of Francisco, the martyred leader of MRR, the culmination of a series of deep disagreements between the group. Any kind of agreement could be reached between the MRR and the Busto faction of the MDC."

Contributors:
Bill Simpich

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