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Cryptonym: AMLIE-1

Definition:
Ramon Cesar Cuenca Montoto, head of Cuban G-2 in Mexico. Neill Prew, a colleague of William K. Harvey, was notified of the contents of a February 1964 cable mentioning AMLIE-1.
Status:
Documented
Discussion:
AMLIE-1 was assigned that cryptonym in September of 1962. A cable on November 24, 1963, stated that the AMLIE operation had been revived. AMLIE-1 was in Cuba and had not been able to go to the Soviet Union. In addition, a December 1963 cable said that AMNIP-1 (Miguel Roche Monroy - Cuban DGI defector) was not on good terms with AMLIE-1 but the former knew the latter well. Furthermore, a February 1964 cable stated that, according to LIFEUD-22 (Alberto Cesar Rodriguez Gallego, the CIA cameraman surveilling the Cuban embassy in Mexico City), AMLIE-1 left the Cuban Embassy with Rogelio Rodriguez and an unidentified "big shot", possibly Ambassador. AMLIE-1 was also in contact with AMSAIL-1 (Carlos Fernandez Trujillo, also known as Carlos B. Fernandez).
Sources:

104-10072-10235: MEMBERS OF THE CUBAN EMBASSY IN MEXICO CITY

5/22/62 Field Information Report: "Ramon Cesar Cuenca Montoto, commercial attache of the Cuban embassy, is also the head of the Cuban G-2 in Mexico and is considered to be the most important man in the embassy. He is dangerous and a hard-core Communist. Cuenca handles most of the embassy money received from Cuba. He is very close to Lechuga and Lechuga consults him regularly...Cuenca's wife Gloria Ferrer Meneses de Cuenca also has relatives living in the United States. Cuenca works very closely with Mexican and Spanish Communists in Mexico." Also see 1994.05.09.10:58:41:570005, p. 252 - excerpted version of this document in folder.

104-10512-10046: CABLE: ON 16 SEP 62 AMSAIL-1 MET RAMON CESAR CUENCA MONTOTO AT CUENCAS

9/19/62, MEXI 1958, cable between Mexico City and Director: 09/19/62: Cable from Mexico City to Director (Ousler Acting): "1. On 16 Sep 62 AMSAIL-1/Carlos Fernandez met Ramon Cesar Cuenca Montoto at Cuenca's home and obtained his agreement in principle to cooperate. Meeting arranged by (FNU) Rossell Comas, good friend of Cuenca's and LIMASK, who unaware A-1's previous contacts with Cuenca's wife Gloria. Apparently no security problems...Up till now Cuenca regarded Americans as enemies...assign cryptonym."

104-10236-10064: CABLE: RE PARA 3 REF, DELICACY RAISING QUESTION AMERICAN SPONSORSHIP

09/19/62, Cable from Director to Mexico City, re MEXI 1958: "1. Re para 3 ref, delicacy raising question American sponsorship understandable at this time. Defer handling this question to AMSAIL-1 play by ear with close monitoring by Station. Obviously soonest can resolve this issue sooner can arrange LCFLUTTER and attempt determine bona fides respect cooperation. In meantime recommend Station attempt obtain as much info possible so that we can check out and determine if corroborates info obtained from AMSTOKE-1 and other sources. Interested names Cuban G-2 personnel active in MEXI, LA and elsewhere. Also in objectives and MOS G-2 in LA, particularly any documentary evidence Cuban subversive activities LA. 2. No IDEN HQs traces (FNU) Rossell Comas. Request further biog Rossell Comas and details his friendship with Subject ref and LIMASK including role this op. Was he present when AMSAIL-1 made pitch. 3. Subject ref assigned cryptonym AMLIE-1."

104-10075-10029: JMWAVE CABLE RE TAPED TELECON

11/24/63, Cable from JMWAVE to Director: Slugline RYBAT TYPIC AMLIE: "AMLIE op revived. WAVE taped telecon 20 Nov 1963 between AMLIE-2 and AMLIE-1 in Havana. Call placed by AMLIE-2 following receipt (of) cable from AMLIE-1's mother. Following results obtained: 1. AMLIE-1 did not go to (Soviet Union - see https://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=53249#relPageId=20&tab=page) as reported in (referenced cable). 2. AMLIE-1 had apparently been occupied in (Interior, Cuba). 3. AMLIE-1 apparently dejected and ill. 4. AMLIE-1 plans to see AMLIE-2 (in Mexico) ASAP dependent only (on) AMLIE-2's Mexico visa..."

104-10101-10263: CABLE: HQS CONCURS BETTER PAY BRIBE RATHER THAN ALERT GOM.

12/20/63, Cable from Director to JMWAVE, Mexico City: Slugline KAPOK TYPIC AMLIE: "1. HQs concurs letter pay bribe rather than alert GOM. 2. AMNIP-1 who safehoused Washington, D.C. not on good terms AMLIE-1 but knows well and can be used to check statements made by AMLIE-1 if op developes successfully. SAS Comment: *Ref RYBAT."

104-10528-10041: CABLE: QUERY ON STATUS OF AN OPERATION

12/30/63, Cable from Mexico City to Director: Slugline RYBAT TYPIC AMLIE: "1. What is status AMLIE op? 2. Since AMLIE/1 suppodely remaining MEXI only short time presume HQs WAVE agree MEXI Station should again make pitch thru AMSAIL/1 and Station ops officer if AMLIE/2 unable travel MEXI soon. C/S Comment: *Gave summary telecon with AMLIE-1."

104-10234-10349: CABLE: AMLIE-1 LEFT EMBASSY IN DIP CAR WITH ROGELIO RODRIGUEZ AND AS YET UNIDENTIFIED "BIG SHOT" POSSIBLY AMBASSADOR

02/15/64, Cable from Mexico City to Director - "Mr. Prew, SAS notified": Slugline TYPIC AMLIE: "AMLIE-1 left embassy in diplomatic car with Rogelio Rodriguez and as yet unidentified 'big shot', apparently Ambassador, according to LIFEUD-22 (Alberto Cesar Rodriguez Gallego, the CIA cameraman surveilling the Cuban embassy in Mexico City).

104-10247-10389: REPORT:DEBRIEFING OF DEFECTOR FROM CUBAN INTEL SERVICE (AMMUG/1)

Re April 1964: "The Illegal Department (Departmento Ilegal) handles clandestine intelligence (illegal) agents...The department's agents are termed 'illegal' because their relation with the Cuban government is not known publicly and because they do not work through an organized extreme leftist group. Their missions are the penetration of local governments and other organizations, including leftist groups and Cuban exile groups; the collection of information on the internal political situation, foreign installations, and military activities of the country in which they are assigned, and the rapid and prompt collection of information regarding aggression against Cuba...one of the principal departmental officers is Ramon Cesar Cuenca Montoto, who was formerly attached to the DGI overseas office in Mexico..."

124-10207-10459: No Title

April 1964: "(DGI) is the Cuban external intelligence agency...part of the Ministry of Interior...and established sometime in mid-1961. It is concerned only with operations abroad. The collection of intelligence within Cuba, counterintelligence, and security are the responsibility of the Department of State Security (DSE). The two agencies are independent but maintain liaison and coordination on certain matters...(p. 4 of 20) The director general is Manuel Pineiro Lesada, known as 'Red Beard' (Barba Roja). He is closely associated with Ramiro Valdes, to whom he has direct access at any time; he is required to report regularly to Fidel Castro and to coordinate with him all expenditures of large sums; and he also has direct contact with (Che) Guevara..." page 16 of 20: Organization of DGI with Manuel Pineiro (Redbeard) on top, and it includes the three branches of the Illegal Department...Also see 104-10185-10154, p. 2: "Ramon Cesar Cuenca is the chief of the Illegal Department for Central America, including Mexico and Panama, for the DGI..."

104-10217-10179: FAT G-2 MAN OF REF SOUNDS LIKE SUBJECT WHO WAS IN MEXI ON TDY ASSIGNMENT AT THE TIME OF PRIO VISIT

03/12/65: Cable from Mexico City to WAVE (Easby Acting): REF WAVE 9283 (IN 18445)* "1. Fat G-2 man of ref sounds like AMLIE-1 who was in MEXI on TDY assignment at the time of Prio visit. AMLIE-1 has indicated in past in talks with LICOMET-1 (formerly AMSAIL-1) that he might change sides if going gets too rough. Imparting of info to Prio appears typical AMLIE-1 action insuring future. 2. Both permanent DGI staffers in MEXI at time of Prio visit, Manuel Vega Perez and Rogelio Rodriguez Lopez, are also fat so either could have been source of ref info. MEXI would appreciate anything WAVE can do to identify source by wringing more complete description from Prio of details of precisely when and where meeting took place. (Unintelligible) can furnish photos of all three suspects if WAVE can figure way to have Prio review them to make identification. Please advise if wish photos. *Info from Cuban Embassy G-2 officers re Menoyo."

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Gavin McDonald • Bill Simpich

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