Home/ Resources / Projects / CIA Cryptonyms / cryptonym: AMLAW-3

Cryptonym: AMLAW-3

Definition:
Carlos Lechuga Hevia, the diplomat at the Cuban Embassy in Mexico who became Cuba's Ambassador to the United Nations. Had an affair with Cuban embassy secretary Silvia Duran; this affair was used by the CIA by leaning on his wife in an effort to convince Lechuga and his family to defect.
Status:
Documented
Discussion:
Not much is known about the AMLAW network, other than that it focused on Cuban diplomats.
Sources:

104-10179-10107: CABLE RE: WILLARD R. NAUMAN ARRIVING MEXI 14 OCT

10/12/62, cable from TFW/SA Alfonso Rodriguez to Mexico City: "Security permitting would brief Shryock (CIA officer Tom Hazlett) outside (embassy) on GYROSE (Cuban actions) relationship AMBANG-1/Manolo Ray, as well (as) terms reference to be used in latter's pending recruitment effort AMLAW-3."

104-10274-10337: CABLE: AMBANG-1 NOT YET CERTAIN WHEN CAN LEAVE SJAN ON TRIP BUT

10/11/62, cable from San Juan to Director: In mid-October, AMBANG-1 "will then go Mexico to explore defection possibilities with Lechuga as primary target. Agreed Lechuga defection in place is aim."

104-10103-10347: EFFORTS TO SPLIT THE REGIME: MARCH - JUNE 1962 - STUDY OF THE LOCI OF POWER CONCLUDED

At p. 6: "The Direction of Task Force Efforts to Split the Regime: To identify those members of the 26th of July Movement and other "unaligned" government leaders who were for the revolution but against communism. To date, there is reasonably good evidence indicating that the following individuals do not approve of the communist direction of the Cuban revolution and may in fact be conspiring against the regime...Mrs. Carlos Lechuga, wife of Carlos Lechuga Hevia, Cuban Ambassador to the United Nations, is expected to seek asylum and break with her husband and Cuba toward the end of November, 1962."

124-90137-10272: No Title

11/5/62, FBI memo: Oscar Lauderman is the brother of Mrs. Lechuga. Spent a lot of time with his sister and Carlos in Mexico City. Came back with lots of info on subject. Said Carlos will stick with Castro even if it means his marriage. Lechuga is scheduled to serve as Cuban ambassador to the UN, he has been serving as Cuban ambassador to Mexico.

124-90137-10277: No Title

Jack Wallen of CIA told FBI agent Papich (liaison agent to the CIA) that Sylvia T. de Duran has been Lechuga's mistress. It is speculated she may visit him in NYC. Married to Horacio Duran a well-known Mexican decorator. Info goes to Nationalities Intelligence Division.

HSCA Report, Volume III Current Section: Testimony of James J. Rowley

12/14/62 report by Secret Service agent Ernest I. Aragon: Investigation of threat letter against JFK sent from Jose Menendez in Cuba to Bernardo Morales in Miami. One of the women at the anti-communist organization that received the letter, Aida Mayo was checked for traces: "...as of 1960 her name appeared on a list of names carried in the personal effects of the Cuban ambassador to the U.H.. She was also reported to be a member of the 26th of July movement in New York. She is also reported to be a Cuban agent in the U.S. who resided at 330 Haven Avenue, New York City. Aida Mayo is said to be a close friend of Fidel Castro and, although not an official of the Cuban government, she sometimes acted on behalf of the Cuban government." At p. 446 of 756, Aida Mayo told the Secret Service that she is often mistaken for the Aida Mayo who is friends with Castro. Much of this info was found days earlier by Bill Harvey's aide Richard Tansing, who didn't know which Aida Mayo was which. 104-10506-10002.

MFF: Two Tracks on Cuba, see http://www.maryferrell.org/pages/Two_Tracks_on_Cuba.html?search=lechuga AND ATWOOD

In September, following an interview of Castro by journalist Lisa Howard, Kennedy approved secret contacts between U.N. delegate William Atwood and Cuban Ambassador to the U.N. Carlos Lechuga. A preliminary meeting took place, and plans for more substantive talks in a neutral setting such as Mexico were proposed. Concern that such talks not leak out even to the rest of Kennedy's own government contributed to delays in organizing the secret talks.

1993.07.16.10:26:27:150530: COMMENTS ON PROMINENT CUBANS BY TERESA PROENZA PROENZA AND A FORMER CU

2/19/63, CIA Information Report: "In late December 1962, Carlos Lechuga Hevia...was unhappy in New York as Cuban ambassador to the UN...in spite of being in love with his wife, Lechuga had denounced her to Raul Roa and Oswald Dorticos Torrado, President of Cuba, as being a passive enemy of the revolution. The denunciation was apparently made under pressure by certain members of the Cuban embassy in Mexico, who, in their attempts to persuade Lechuga, had employed Ana Marie Blanco, then First Secretary at the Embassy, and Silvia Duran, a Mexican married woman employed at the Mexican-Cuban Cultural Institute. Lechuga had offered to marry Duran after divorcing his wife...his wife was emphatically refusing to return to Cuba"

1993.08.04.09:47:00:180005: NOTES AND REQUESTS FOR COPIES OF SPECIFIC CABLES AND DISPATCHES.

1/9/63, Mexico City to Director with copy to TFW: Theresa Proenza convinced Silvia Duran to quit her position as director of the IMCRC (Cuban-Mexican solidarity group).

FBI 62-109060 JFK HQ File, Section 14

11/29/63 (REDACTED - may be Nunez Portunado) claimed that Carlos Lechuga, Cuban Ambassador to the United Nations in New York, is at the head of all Cuban espionage and subversive activity in the United States. He admitted he had nothing on which to base this statement, but stated it is common knowledge and the FBI should investigate Lechuga." Nunez was himself the former Cuban Ambassador to the United Nations during the Batista government: http://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=10490&search=%22cabarga_was+in+close+contact+with%22#relPageId=612&tab=page

104-10132-10133: SILVIA T. DURAN, MEXICAN EMPLOYEE OF CUBAN EMBASSY IN MEXICO, CONTACT WITH OSWALD; DURAN'S ARREST; HER AFFAIR WITH CUBAN UN AMBASSADOR

11/25/63, cable by Virginia Renshaw to Mexico City: Informs that back in the fall of 62 Lechuga asked his wife for a divorce, saying that he wanted to live with Duran. Report in Feb. 1963 was that Lechuga had asked Duran to marry him.

Contributors:
John Newman • Bill Simpich

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