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Cryptonym: AMIRON

Definition:
The Frente Revolucionario Democratico (FRD), aka Cuban Democratic Revolutionary Front. The FRD Executive Committee was known as AMCIGAR.
Status:
Documented
Sources:

104-10061-10115: LIST OF NAMES RE KENNEDY ASSASSINATION INVESTIGATION

HSCA staffer Leslie Wizelman's list of CIA responses to her requests re crypts: AMIRON - "(FRD) Frente Revolucionario Democratico".

104-10227-10083: MEMORANDUM: FUNDING OF AMIRON AND AMBUD ORGANIZATIONS

4/12/61 memo: "With the launching of the AMBUD organization (Note: Cuban Revolutionary Council, or CRC) we are faced with the immediate need of re-appraising our funding relationship with AMIRON...AMIRON has served its purpose and now that we have AMBUD, (AMIRON) no longer needs to exist."

104-10107-10000: FRENTE REVOLUCIONARIO DEMOCRATICO

"In late 1960 or early 1961 the CUBAN REVOLUTIONARY COUNCIL (CRC) was forced to coordinate and direct FRD activities and this group was headed by Agency and White House sponsored Dr. Jose MIRO Cardona, assisted by Manuel ARTIME and Dr. Antonio VARONA. (Note: Cardona was AMBUD-1, Artime was AMBIDDY-1, and Varona was AMHAWK) Both the FRD and the CRC continued to function until October 1961 when the FRD was completely absorbed by the CRC in order to avoid the confusion resulting from duplication of personnel, activities and funding."

104-10013-10387: GARRISON AND THE KENNEDY ASSASSINATION

AC/WH/COG to C/CI/R&A Ray Rocca, 1967: "(Sergio Arcacha Smith) became the FRENTE REVOLCIONARIO DEMOCRATICO (FRD) delegate in New Orleans prior to the Bay of Pigs invasion and continued in that position until the FRD ceased to function. The FRD was the predecessor of the CUBAN REVOLUTIONARY COUNCIL, and was organized and supported by the Agency." Another memo describes Arcacha as completely incompetent: http://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=121282&search=Cuba_Cuban+AND+missiles#relPageId=2&tab=page

104-10106-10607: JOHN DANIEL WILKES

1960 memorandum states that "the FRD is an alliance of five anti-communist organizations and is considered the largest and most important anti-Castro group in the United States. In August 1960, four of the five FRD leaders left Miami for Mexico City where FRD headquarters will be established."

124-10371-10039: ADMIN FOLDER-V5: HSCA ADMINISTRATIVE FOLDER, INFO RE DAVID FERRIE

File review on David Ferrie: Since April 1961, Ferrie identifies himself as active with the Cuban Revolutionary Front, "an anti-Castro organization with headquarters in Miami, Florida." Collecting "food, money, medicine and clothing". Interviewed by FBI agents on 8/22/61. Jack Martin in New Orleans "surmised" Ferrie may have trained Oswald how to use a telescopic sight. Also said Oswald was arrested with Ferrie's library card in his possession. Ferrie and associates were arrested for "vagrancy" 11/25/63 and later released. Martin described as unreliable and Ferrie described as nuts. Interviewed by New Orleans' DA's office. Library card in Oswald's possession was in his name. (p. 123) Sergio Arcacha Smith became the New Orleans FRD delegate on 11/11/60 and reported to the FBI regularly about its activities.

104-10235-10223: DISPATCH-CUBAN EXILE NAVAL MATTERS

6/20/61 memo from Stanley Zamka, Chief of Base, JMWAVE to Chief, WHD. Reports that AMIRON had a "barracks house" at 1313 Northwest Eighth Avenue, in Miami.

Contributors:
Bill Simpich

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