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Cryptonym: AMDENIM-1

Definition:
Alberto Fernandez Hechevarria, aka Echevarria, Cuban exile whose boat Tejana was used in anti-Castro activities. Leader of the paramilitary wing of the Unidad Revolucionario (UR). A source on CIA unsanctioned exile missions such as those conducted by Alpha 66.
Status:
Documented
Discussion:
Described in 1962 as a UR asset.
Sources:

104-10172-10152: MEMORANDUM: ALBERTO FERNANDEZ ECHEVARRIA (AMDENIM-1)

The subject of this 6/27/62 memo by TFW/PA-PROP Martha Tharpe is "Alberto Fernandez Hechevarria (AMDENIM-1)...early in 1961 FERNANDEZ emerged as the external leader of a group called Union Revolucionario (UR) which I understand was created and financed by an industrialist group, both Cuban and US. The UR never joined the CRC -it claimed to be an apolitical action group - but it was very active in the underground both before and after the invasion attempt. In fact, under Fernandez's guidance, and with the help of CIA (Pekich at HQS PM) the UR made an all-out attempt in mid-1961 and attained some success in gaining control of the other six important internal groups (MRR, MRP, DRE, 30 Nov, MDC, RESCATE). However, this effort in an internal merger fizzled in the early fall of 1961..." (Five of these groups formed a unity pact in mid-62, excluding UR and RESCATE) "Fernandez has always maintained high-level official and personal contacts in Washington. His wealth and reported friendship with the Kennedys make this inevitable. He seems to be well-liked at the State Department and we know that he has been in regular contact with Mr. Hurwitch since mid-1961...(It is) impossible for CIA to maintain anything resembling an agent relationship. Our relations with him have been rocky and will probably continue so."

104-10172-10086: PROGRESS REPORT ON AMDENIM-1

June 1964: Shackley concludes he should spend less time conducting raids and more time on the intellectual nature of the problem.

124-10200-10175: No Title

Alberto Fernandez interviewed on 4/26/61 by FBI. He is a leader of the UR. Humberto Sori Marin and Rafael Diaz Bencon (note: Rafael Diaz Hanscomb, UR's director of intelligence) were recently executed by Castro. His contact in CIA is "RODERICK", who directs his deliveries of arms and supplies inside Cuba by boat. He was surprised by the Bay of Pigs, as he had been telling RODERICK the situation inside Cuba was not right for a popular uprising. On night of 4/11 the SANTA ANA was docked right behind his and used by Nino Diaz for the invasion. But due to the slowness of the boat it took four days to arrive and never landed.

104-10172-10096: Dispatch: Amdenim-1. Progress Report 31 May 1963.

Focused on trying to keep the Commandos L under control. Second priority is operation DOGGO, working with the fishermen to develop a reception point and committee at sea and a safehouse or holding area on shore from among their fishermen friends in the target area and then return to WAVE.

104-10226-10412: Activities of UR Asset

6/12/62, WAVE to Director: UR's cryptonym was AMSCROLL.

104-10172-10135: DISPATCH: AMDENIM - PRQ PART 1 ALBERTO FEDERICO FERNANDEZ ECHAVARRIA

12/20/62, PRQ, Part 1: He went to all the best US prep schools, has spent all of his portion of the family's money. He owes money to Kings Ranch, is friends with its owner Michael Malone/AMPATRIN-1. Former director of the Sugar Institute.

104-10172-10071: Cl/OA APPROVAL FORM, ALBERTO FERNANDEZ ECHEVARRIA

12/12/60: Fernandez was to be used for infiltration/exfiltration. Joseph Piccolo was his case officer. 201-251850, CI/OA file number 87172.

1994.04.28.14:57:28:100005: Reel 8, Folder F - GERALD PATRICK HEMMING

11/2/67, Memo for Distribution by "Donovan Pratt for Ray Rocca", re Chart of Garrison Case Listed on the chart is 161 principals in the Garrison case. One of the categories is "Cubans who may be involved", which includes Fernandez. Others listed are Sergio Arcacha Smith, Frank Bartes, Carlos Bringuier, Julian Buznedo, Jose Manuel Cusco, Rudolph Richard Davis, Fernando Fernandez, FNU Fornes, Manuel Garcia Gonzalez, Leovino Interian, Jose Antonio Lanusa, Victor Manuel Paneque, Orlando Elena Piedra Negueruela, Carlos Quiroga, Emilio Santana, and Miguel Torres.

104-10435-10026: MEMO:GARRISON AND THE KENNEDY ASSASSINATION

R9/4/67 from C/CI/R&A Ray Rocca to AC/WH/COG shows alleged CIA traces/lack of traces for individuals named above. For AMDENIM-1, JMWAVE ties from 12/60 to at least early 1966.

124-10369-10025: ADMIN FOLDER-I9: HSCA ADMINISTRATIVE FOLDER, LEE HARVEY OSWALD VOLUME XXII

Garrison investigator Jim Alcock said that Jose Lanusa was fingered by Claire Boothe Luce as knowing Oswald before 11/22/63. Lanusa is one of the principals listed on the Garrison chart two sources above this one.

Joan Mellen, The Great Game in Cuba (Skyhorse, 2013)

Mellen describes Fernandez as an excellent rancher, better than Bob Kleberg who ran the King Ranch. From an aristocratic family, attended Choate the same time as JFK. Formed UR around 1961, a mass movement of all social classes, moderately liberal. His willingness to set aside his former life was why the CIA dubbed him AMDENIM-1.

1994.04.25.13:51:29:440005: Reel 5, Folder I - UNIDAD REVOLUCIONIA (UR).

"Alberto Fernandez was involved in paramilitary and maritime ops and did not actively participate in overt political activity."

Contributors:
MFF • Joan Mellen • Larry Hancock • Bill Simpich

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