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Cryptonym: AMCRAG-1

Definition:
Francisco Bilbao Alvarez.
Status:
Documented
Discussion:
Worked with Lt. Commander Hal Feeney, ONI officer. Feeney had plans to overthrow Castro. Three months after the Bayo-Pawley Raid of June 1963, Angel Luis Castillo tried to convince Bilbao into having his men infiltrate Cuba. Bilbao's organization was known as the Battalon de Brigada, or the Brigade Batallion. Bilbao worked at Guantanamo. Shackley wrote that he was not with CIA. He was probably with Feeney at ONI.
Sources:

1993.08.04.11:04:14:710006: BAYO-PAWLEY AFFAIR

Compare with 104-10057-10102, below - marginalia substitutes the name "Francisco Bilbao Alvarez" in place of "CRYPT".

104-10057-10102: WITHHELD

Same as above, except the CRYPT is revealed to be AMCRAG-1. AMCRAG-1 concluded that despite Angel Luis Castillo's assurances in Sept 1963 that AMDENIM-11 (Eduardo Perez, aka Bayo) and his men were still alive in the months following the "Bayo-Pawley raid" of June, 1963, there was no hard evidence proving it. Castillo was relying on information provided by John Martino. Martino had allegedly used this information in an effort to convince Irving Cadick/Rip Robertson to infiltrate his men into Cuba, but Robertson allegedly was not interested. Martino then turned to Castillo, described as a "witting informant of AMJAGER-1". JMWAVE traces from late 1962 show that at that time Angel Luis Castillo had the "complete confidence of AMCRAG-1." "AMCRAG-1 returned to Miami from YOACRE/Guantanamo in mid-October 1963...AMCRAG-1 came to the conclusion that no one at (Guantanamo) had any direct knowledge of or contact with Eduardo Perez/AMDENIM-11."

104-10226-10274: DEBRIEFING OF HUMBERTO SORI MARIN

"WAVE attempting to bring together AMNORM-1 (note: Nino Diaz), Tova, Sori Marin and Francisco Bilbao in order plan open new front Oriente."

124-10279-10032: No Title

This is a poorly reproduced copy of the Cuban Counterrevolutionary Handbook, circa late 1962. On Secondary Organizations: I. IDENTIFYING DATA: Common title: B. B. Title: Batallon de Brigada Brigade Battalion Member of internal FND, suspected of being G-2 vehicle in Mid-1962; composed of ex and actual military men. Organization made up of cells. Political orientation not known. Claim large number of members and operations from Habana to Oriente. Leading Personalities: in U. S.: Domingo FALBER VILLASANTE. Coord. Gen, Exile; In Cuba: Guillermo CADENA (war name), Coord Gen and FND rep, in prison; Alfredo CORDERO (aka "TOBITA"); Rigoberto VALDES, Coord. Gen. Habana; Pedro FORMENTAL; and Francisco BILBAO. II. HISTORY Organized prior April 1961, Cuba. Primary activity: commando type acts against small guerrilla groups, and sabotage to strategic installations. Claims to have accomplished many of its plans. III. CURRENT STATUS Not known. Basically operates in Cuba. May have suffered drastically from GCC roll-up resulting from planned "uprising" of 1962, as did FND." Easier copy to read can be found here: http://cuban-exile.com/doc_376-400/doc0386.html The FND was a coalition of the Batallon de Brigada and about 12 other military-oriented groups. Most of the leadership was arrested in April 1962 due to infiltration by Castro's G-2. http://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=105712&search=%22batallon_de+brigada%22#relPageId=305&tab=page

1994.06.18.10:34:30:500005: Reel 67, Folder K - AMBUD ((DELETION)) MEMOS

PASSAVOY Memorandum For Record No. 200: "Dr. Miro Cardona informed me that on the evening 7 February (1962)...he received a visit, previously arranged, with Mr. BILBAO and a U.S. Navy officer, Mr. HAROLD FEENEY (FINNEY), whose rank he believed was a Commander or a Lt. Commander. This officer was wearing the blue uniform of the U.S. Navy...he spoke Spanish very well...he believed it was necessary to fight Castro..." Also see 104-10133-10227 - Feeney met with anti-Castro jurist Julio Garceran, displayed his ONI credentials, and presented a plan to overthrow the Castro regime by staging air attacks from Guatemala.

104-10171-10340: CABLE: AMCRAG-1 RECEIVED LETTER FROM VICTOR BALBUENA, ANGEL LUIS

During Dec. 1962, AMCRAG-1 got a letter from Victor Balbuena, Angel Luis Castillo and Jorge Caseno, writing on behalf of FUNC, the Frente Undio Nacional Cubano. The plan was for refugees at Guantanamo Naval Base and Cubans on the island to conduct actions designed to overthrow Castro. Considering having AMCRAG-1 debrief Alberto Espino re more on FUNC activities.

104-10529-10298: CABLE-SUBJECT IS DOCTOR RENE VALLEJO ORTIZ, PERSONAL PHYSICAN OF FIDEL CASTRO

On 10/9/63, SAS/EOB Dave Ronis wrote a cable about Dr. Rene Vallejo, Fidel's personal physician. "One of Castro's closest companions in work, sports and play." Reported elsewhere as Fidel's confidant in the ongoing negotiations between the USA and Cuba towards rapprochement. "Suggest station... determine if (_)GRIP can reasibly (sic) cultivate subj...WAVE: HQS file indicates (Vallejo) contact with AMOT asset AMCRAG-1..." Query AMCRAG-1 about any current correspondence with Vallejo and any additional information.

104-10216-10422: DISPATCH: OPERATIONAL MADRID CONTACTS OF CUBAN REFUGEE MIGUEL DE LEON ROJAS

5/1/65 Reuterman (Ted Shackley) memo: "Cuco" Leon told AMCRAG-1 that he is concerned about GROWERY's actions with his contacts in Europe. Growery is trying to get AMLASH-2 and AMLASH-3 to work for him (note: this is right during the time of a failed attempt to kill Castro in April 1965 that involved the AMLASH net). There is an unfavorable attitude towards GROWERY among the Cuban officials in Europe working with Castro's opponents - they would prefer to work with the "Miami group". "FYI, AMCRAG-1 is not known as being associated with KUBARK (CIA) and has mainly dedicated himself to private business. He has maintained close relationship with AMBIDDY and AMBIDDY's followers."

124-90152-10074: No Title

4/1/65, one of a series of biographic data reports of prominent anti-Castro leaders issued by State Department Cuban expert Harvey Summ: "Did considerable earth-moving contract work for US Naval Base, Guantanamo Bay...Head of Revolutionary Recovery Movement (MRR), anti-Castro underground movement, for Oriente province, 1960-61...Bilbao is bright, honest, trustworthy, steady and mature. He is a good executive. He is highly respected as an underground resistance leader, both against Batista and against Castro, in Oriente province."

Contributors:
Bill Simpich

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