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Cryptonym: AMCANOE

Definition:
Project of U.S. contacts for a resistance group in Cuba, incl. support of Unidad de Liberacion Nacional (ULN). Paulino Sierra worked with this group in an effort to unify exiles.
Status:
Documented
Sources:

104-10308-10029: MEMO FOR: AMCANOE

"This project (AMCANOE) concerns U.S. contacts for a resistance group in Cuba. Support of the Unidad de Liberacion Nacional (ULN) and their plans and efforts to overthrow Castro." The memo goes on to list identifies, some redacted and some not, for AMCANOE-1 through AMCANOE-7, and AMCANOE-9. Paulino Sierra worked with this group in an effort to unify exiles.

Church Committee testimony of Harold Swenson, 10 May 1976, p. 17.: TESTIMONY OF HAROLD SWENSON, 10 MAY 1976

In his Church Committee testimony, Harold Swenson of the Special Affairs Staff made brief mention of AMCANOE.

104-10275-10047: CABLE- PREPARATIONS BY PAULINO A. SIERRA TO DESTROY THE ESSO REFINERY IN HABANA

10/15/63: Cable from JMWAVE to Director, WAVE 5817: Information obtained from AMLINT-1 and source Manuel Lozano Pino re Paulino Sierra's preparations to destroy the Esso refinery in Havana.

House Select Committee on Assassinations Final Report Current Section: 3. The Committee believes, ..., that anti-Castro Cuban groups, as groups were not involved...

Paulino Sierra was the head of JGCE, a coalition of anti-Castro groups formed in April 1963, based in Chicago and engaged in arms sales. A Secret Service report thought that there was a group in the Chicago area that might have a connection to the JFK assassination, based on comments made by Homer Echevarria in relation to an illegal arms sale.

104-10506-10040: MEMORANDUM: PAULINO ALBERTO SIERRA MARTINEZ

June 77 cover memo identifies Sierra as 201-739652 and President of the Illinois Bar Association. The AMCANOE files show that he met with 43 exile groups in Miami on 5/7/63 claiming he had $30 million to overthrow Castro. Allegedly received money pledge from businessman William Trull. Lansky and Trafficante interests part of this group. Attached 2/6/64 memo from Chief, JMWAVE to Chief, SAS: AMGUN-1 reports Sierra "said nothing constructive and appeared to want to take an active role in the Mambises organization...Sierra wanted to purchase arms from one (fnu) Lauchli, and on his return to Miami contacted Steve Wilson to bring the arms from Illinois to Florida...AMGUN-1 has been instructed to avoid contact with subject." AMGUN-1 continued to work with case officer to "add to the further confusion of the Castro government as different outlets are used for propagandizing 'Mambises' actions."

1993.08.05.10:41:34:710005: HSCA MATERIAL REVIEWED AT HEADQUARTERS CUBAN COUNTERREVOLUTIONARY H

JRCM page in the Cuban Counterrevolutionary Handbook. JRCM was the abbreviation for Junta Revolucionaria Civica-Militar de la Unidad de Liberacion Nacional: "The JRCM was created by the member organizations of the ULN to govern and direct the ULN." The founder of the Junta in Cuba, delegate, and legal representative of the Junta in Exile was Antonio J. Ramirez Mendez (AMCANOE-3). Three pages later, Ramirez is depicted as attending the May 1963 Miami meeting with Sierra.

HSCA Report, Volume X Current Section: XI. Junta del Gobierno de Cuba en el Exilio

When the "government in exile" was created in July 1963, Sierra was Secretary General and Bosch's ally Felipe Rivero Diaz was Vice Secretary General. William Trull was contradictory and vague, and said he felt he was used as an "actor" to sell Cubans on Sierra's plans. The FBI's Chicago office closed its file during June 1963, concluding that Sierra was a con artist that wasn't engaged in anything. But Sierra and Rivero were busy purchasing arms and setting up a military base outside the US. Sierra was allegedly told to turn over his assets to Alpha 66/SNFE during Nov. 1963 by Browder at Union Tank Car, and the CIA described Sierra on 11/20//63 as a "mystery man".

1993.08.11.14:08:32:620006: CUBAN COUNTERREVOLUTIONARY HANDBOOK

The handbook identifies Felipe Rivero Diaz as National Director of the ANC (Asociacion Nationalista Cubana), and allied with Paulino Sierra's JGCE. Rivero is 201-281688, described as an attorney who has never practiced law, member of Brigade 2506, comes from a wealthy Cuban family. The ANC includes the brothers Guillermo and Ignacio Novo Sampol, best known for their bombing campaigns and Guillermo's conviction for his role in the death of Chilean dissident Orlando Letelier. Sierra's JGCE (p. 314 of this document) describes Felipe Rivero as his second in command. The group sprung out of Chicago in April 1963, and was ordered to turn over its assets to SNFE-Alpha 66-MRP by November 1963 for allegedly not bringing the fight to Cuba. By Feb. 1965, Felipe Rivero and Eladio del Valle of FAYCA (201-216018) were planning an attack on a British ship. (p. 174)

104-10181-10234: ACTIVITIES BY TH E GROUP WHICH IS BEING REPRESENTED BY PAULINO A. SIERRA

10/23/63 Field Information Report based on source Tomas Cabanas Batista: Sierra's executive committee member Manuel Lozano Pino sought out. "Cabanas (to be in) command of the military forces which the Sierra associated group was gathering for operations against Fidel Castro Ruz. Lozano added that the training of the men would be undertaken in some Latin American country; Lozano was quite definite in assuring Cabanas that the venture had financial backing from American industrial interests...(in particular) the Cuban Economic Corporations in Exile." Felipe Rivero is identified in this document as a veteran of the Bay of Pigs. Francisco Rodriguez Tamayo (El Mexicano) and del Valle were among the founders of FAYCA, a military action group that ran infiltration teams in and out of Cuba. (p. 283)

124-10280-10002: No Title

2/11/64 FBI report from Willam Mayo Drew, Jr. to Director: "On October 23, 1963, MM T-1 advised that earlier that month Dr. Diego Medina had been in contact with Eloy Gutierrez Menoyo, military leader of the SNFE...MM T-1 advised that Medina told Gutierrez he had been talking to a person named "Cardoso" (apparently in Chicago), who is now connected with "Dr. Sierra". Medina said Cardoso claimed that "the thing" was moving along; that Sierra is backed by a lot of money; and that he did not believe the funds were coming from the gangster element...Jose Cardoso...is known to have been involved in anti-Castro organizations and activities in the Chicago area...Medina heads the SNFE in Chicago. It is also noted that Paulino Sierra is a Cuban lawyer from Chicago who is engaged in anti-Castro activities...on October 30, 1963, MM T-2...furnished the following: The SNFE had plans for an operation against a target on the coast of Oriente Province, Cuba...the estimated date of departure for this operation was between 25 and 30 days...another operation being planned by the SNFE...to sabotage the bridge of Bacunayagua, on the Via Blanca, near the city of Matanzas, on the north coast of Cuba. This plan has been worked out by Antonio Veciana and the engineer who designed the bridge...on November 29, 1963, MM T-4 made available information...according to (Aurelio) Nazario, the SNFE "Plan Omega" would be activated sometime before November 30, 1963...this plan was to involve landings and infiltrations at three points in Las Villas province, and guerrilla activity and sabotage in other parts of Cuba."

Contributors:
MFF • Bill Simpich

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