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Cryptonym: AMCALL-1

Definition:
Reinol Gonzalez Gonzalez, head of the Catholic-based MRP in Cuba until arrested at the Cesar Odio farm in October 1961. Also referred to as "Reynoldo". His war name was "Antonio".
Status:
Documented
Discussion:
The Papal Nuncio got AMCALL-1/Reynoldo Gonzalez freed back in 1958. After his 1961 capture, he was a prisoner until 1970...to understand the tragedies that shaped Neighborhood Committees in the Defense of the Revolution, see this 12/7/61 statement by Gonzalez: http://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=48189&search=%22Dalia_Jorge%22#relPageId=2&tab=page
Sources:

104-10217-10397: BIOGRAPHIC DATA: GONZALEZ GONZALEZ, REYNOLD (REINALDO, REINO, REYNOL, REINOL)

This memo provdes a wealth of data on Reynoldo Gonzalez Gonzalez. "In March 1958, back in Cuba, Gonzalez was arrested by Batista's police. After the Papal Nuncio promised that Gonzalez would leave Cuba, he was freed, and went to Costa Rica, then Nicaragua." He handled the radios in Venezuela for the July 26th movement. AMCALL-1 was the secretary general of the JOC (Joventud Obrera Catolica, aka Catholic Youth Workers) and the United Christian Workers, the UTC. The last page notes that "A POA for Gonzalez, as AMCALL-1, was granted 12 May 1960."

104-10217-10144: MEMORANDUM: SUBJECT - RELEASE OF AMCALL-1

Gonzalez was held prisoner by the Castro government for about nine years. This memo discusses negotiations and payments for his release in 1970.

104-10217-10327: INFORMATION REPORT: UNDERGROUND GROUPS IN CUBA

Mid-Sept 1961: The MRP, headed by Reinol Gonzalez, a Catholic, now completely separated from Ray's/(AMBANG-1) group..."All the Catholic groups...are now integrated into the MRP under Gonzalez."

104-10271-10023: CABLE: AMCALL-1 REPORTED CONFINED AND ALMOST CERTAIN TO FACE FIRING SQUAD

This cable discusses AMCALL-1's 1961 arrest and imprisonment in Cuba. "Former head of UTC and internal coordinator of MRP gave loyal service (to) AMCRACKLE and (Cuban) station (Project AMCALL)." AMCALL-1 was a paid agent of the CIA.

104-10192-10238: AMCALL-1, WHO HAD ORIGINALLY PLANNED GO MEXI SELL AMHAWK AND AMWAIL ON INTEGRATION OF ADR INTO AMCIGAR, UNABLE TRAVEL MEXI DUE LACK OF MEXI VISA

Sept. 1960, long message from AMCALL-1: "Substance this message hand carried MASH (Havana CIA station) by station courier Nelson L. Raynock (Henry Hecksher)."

104-10217-10390: CABLE: DEVELOPING CLANDESTINE ACTION ARM OF

"AMCALL-1 developing clandestine action arm of AMCALL. AMOURETTE-9 opposed to this development, but Station feels AMCALL-1 should receive encouragement and assistance this undertaking through Gordon M. Biniaris in name of AMWAIL." By Sept 1960, the word was that "bulk of AMCALL organization was working with MRP": http://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=67196#relPageId=2

104-10217-10378: CABLE: HEADQUARTERS RAIDED BY DIER NIGHT OF 25 SEPT

9/27/60: "AMCALL headquarters raided by DIER night of Sept. 25. AMCALL-2 went to DIER when advised of raid and told DIER had info AMOURETTE-9 hiding arms in AMCALL HQS. Search revealed no arms and DIER told AMCALL-2 return for further questioning night of 27 Sept. While AMOURETTE-9 out of country, AMCALL-2 fronting for AMCALL organization. AMCALL-1 feels self and AMCALL-2 may have to go underground near future. A-1 introducing Biniaris alternate contact provide means commo meet this contingency."

124-90139-10123: No Title

Father Enrique Osler was the spiritual advisor of the Catholic Youth Workers, also known as the Joventud Obrera Catolica or the JOC. Osler may have been AMOURETTE-9. "The Church was very much against Batista. Certainly the Catholic Action groups such as the JOC were in the forefront of the battle against the dictatorship. The clergy was 85-90% against the regime...Reino Gonzalez was arrested by Buro de Investigaciones, and Padre Osler asked Buro if there was any specific charges against him, and was told no...So he got in touch with the (Papal) Nuncio and the Archbishop and put pressure on them, and they finally agreed to let him leave the country...Gonzalez went to Venezuela, where he operated the rebel radio."

1993.08.02.17:13:58:960044: MFR, SUB: INITIAL INTERVIEW WITH FELIX ZABALA MAS

9/27/66 CIA memorandum for the record re interview with Felix Zabala: "When Manolo Ray left Cuba in 1960, he appointed one Reynoldo Gonzalez as head of the MRP. Gonzalez and 20 or 30 other MRPers were arrested in September 1961. In October 1961 Gonzalez identified Zabala's brother (identical twin) Domingo as a member of the MRP."

1994.04.26.09:46:28:100005: Reel 52, Folder J - REINOL GONZALES

At prisoner exchange meeting during October 1978, attended by George Volsky (AMTRUNK-1) of the New York Times and Replica newspapers, Fidel Castro described Reynoldo Gonzalez as an old friend. "Fidel told Subject that he would have been released much sooner except that many people in the GOC opposed it because Subject had burned the El Encanto Department store on 16 April 1961. Fidel said subject had done it as a preliminary to the invasion that he knew was coming the next day. Subject replied that he had not done it, and had known nothing about the invasion any more than was known on the street at the time."

Fabian Escalante, The Secret War (Ocean Press, 1995), pp. 97-99

Fidel may have been confused about the plots: "On September 29, Dalia Jorge Diaz was caught in the act of planting an incendiary device in the Sears store...this action formed part of the so-called Operation Liborio, which consied juststed of a series of synchronized acts of sabotage on the same day and time, in order to set Havana on fire...on October 11, on (note: Amador Odio's) farm in Wajay, an area just outside the city of Havana, Reynold Gonzalez, the MRP's top man, was captured along with a group of his collaborators. He spoke at a televised news conference to inform the public of the details of Operation Liborio...'When President Dorticos left for the socialist countries, the military section of our movement, commanded by (Antonio) Veciana, who had an apartment in front of the Presidential Palace, planned an attempt against Fidel and the other leaders. At that time, we had a bazooka and everything necessary in the apartment. When Dorticos' return was announced, the plans were concretized, including the burning of the main department stores in Havana, such as Sears, J. Valles, Fin de Siglo...this failed because the people's guard in the stores detained the persons who had this mission...the attempt was not carried out, and now the apartment and the equipment is in the hands of the State Security Department."

Contributors:
Dr. Juan B. Giusti • Bill Simpich

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