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Cryptonym: AMBIDDY-1

Definition:
Manuel Artime Buesa, a prominent Cuban exile who was in the Bay of Pigs invasion, in 1963 moved to Nicaragua as leader of operation AMWORLD.
Status:
Documented
Discussion:
Manuel Artime organized the MRR, the first anti-Castro action group inside Cuba, and because of this was chosen to lead what became Brigade 2506, the exile invasion force at the Bay of Pigs. Artime was among those captured by Castro's forces.

Regarding the crypt AMBIDDY-1, a great many CIA documents about AMBIDDY-1's activities list ARTIME in their NARA RIF sheet subject lines. And the Segregated Collection's folders on Artime are chock full of AMBIDDY-1 records.

Beyond being a prominent exile leader, Artime's story is of particular interest because of the still-murky events of 1963, when the CIA provided Artime assistance to relocate his operations to Nicaragua, under Project AMWORLD. See that crypt for more information on that project. Note that the HSCA film has Artime in Reels 1-2, as his name starts with "A", and is alphabetized throughout: http://maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=7528&search=%22201-236504%22#relPageId=2&tab=page
Sources:

104-10240-10327: WASHINGTON TALKS WITH AMBIDDY-1, 1 JULY SEQ.. THE SAFETY OF AMBIDDY-1'S PARENTS: MANUEL FAUSTINO ARTIME FERNANDEZ AND OTILIA BUESA BEAUJARDIN

This document notes that AMBIDDY-1's parents were "Manuel Faustino ARTIME Fernandes and Otilia BUESA Beujardin."

104-10241-10018: AMWORLD-MESSAGE FOR PRESIDENT ORLICH

This is one of many AMWORLD documents where Artime is referred to as AMBIDDY-1.

HSCA Report, Volume X, Chapter 6: Brigade 2506--Manuel Artime--Movimiento de Recuperacion Revolucionaria (MRR)

This section of the HSCA's volume on Cuban exile groups provides some good background on Artime.

180-10142-10307

The document contains a summary and brief timeline regarding the activities of Manuel Artime. Among the written notations is his assigned cryptonym "AMBIDDY-1".

1993.08.18.13:00:42:590064 MEMO FROM THE DEPT. OF JUSTICE ON ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE

8/14/63, Dan Kurzman, Washington Post: "The lack of hit-and-run raids on Cuban shore installations or ships trading with Cuba in recent weeks reflects general agreement among the exile groups that sensational and well-publicized incidents are ineffectual, detrimental to CIA activities, and likely to meet with a swift crackdown by US authorities."

Larry Hancock, Somebody Would Have Talked (2003)

"Manuel Artime was one of the Cuban exile leaders playing a major role in the U.S. assembled exile leadership formed before the Bay of Pigs. Artime and other leaders including Tony Varona, Aureliano Arango and Jose Cardona met with Senator John Kennedy as early as the Democratic National Convention in 1960. Artime became the exile favorite of the most fervently anti-Communist elements within the CIA. He provided an establishment contrast to more progressive and liberal exile politicians such as Manolo Ray (and the JURE party). Artime went into the Bay of Pigs with Brigade 2506, was captured and held prisoner in Cuba until his ransom was paid by personal friends of the Kennedy administration. In 1963, he was recruited by the Administration and the CIA to launch the only sanctioned Kennedy Administration military effort against Castro - code named Second Naval Guerrilla. During 1963, Artime officially and covertly received substantial cash, arms, supplies and boats for this effort; SNG however had to be based totally outside the U.S. and to have total "deniability" in order to honor an Administration pledge not to support an invasion of Cuba. Artime's major offshore assembly point and base became Nicaragua and preparations were well in progress for sea borne strikes and possibly a second Cuban invasion by 1964. Artime himself established close personal ties to the Samoza regime in Nicaragua, so personal that recently released CIA documents make it clear that the CIA was extremely concerned that Artime and Luis Samoza might well be taking the operation outside of U.S. control."

See Also:
Contributors:
MFF • Carmine Savastano • Bill Simpich

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