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Cryptonym: AMBANG

Definition:
Initially, MRP; in 1962 the group outside of Cuba became JURE.
Status:
Documented
Discussion:
By 10/30/63 JFK told JURE that they could no longer conduct raids from US shores. 104-10179-10244. By Jan 1964 JURE was prepared to kill a mole rather than let him provide their secrets to the CIA. Cisneros was convinced it was Alberto Enrique. http://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=75985&search=%22Alberto_Enrique%22#relPageId=2&tab=page
Sources:

104-10243-10041: CABLE DURING 2 JAN 64 DISCUSSION WITH AMTAUP-2 REPORTED IN DD-575 OF 3 JAN, ARMANDO ALANIS REPEAT ALANIS ANGULO, WHO CONFIDANT OF

"During 2 Jan 64 discussion with AMTAUP-2...ARMANDO ALANIS REPEAT ALANIS ANGULO, who confidant of ROGELIO CISNEROS REPEAT CISNEROS of AMBANG organization, said former Revolutionary Navy Major Julio Cesar Alonso replaced as chief Costa Rican military base on orders (of) National Directorate AMBANG organization...AMTAUP-2 says ALANIS confides in him because they friends in PBRUMEN/Cuba for long time. When ALANIS arrived PBPRIME/USA, AMTAUP-2 put him in touch with (CIA officer). ALANIS thinks AMTAUP-2 no longer in contact with (CIA) and afraid tell CISNEROS that AMTAUP-2 worked with (CIA) because ALANIS afraid AMTAUP-2 may reveal ALANIS' former connection (CIA)."

104-10269-10100: SECRET MEETING OF THE AMBANG ORGANIZATION

10/21/63, "secret meeting" of AMBANG organization. Cisneros, one of the executives of the AMBANG organization, was present. (Note: Cisneros is AMBANG-4)

104-10179-10282: AMTAUP-2 REPORTED ORGANIZATION COMPLETING PREPARATIONS NECESSARY TO SEND GROUP YOUTHS TO ALL LATIN AMERICAN UNIVERSITIES

2/14/64, JMWAVE to Director: "During 24 Jan conversation with AMTAUP-2...ARMANDO (ALANIS) ANGULO personnel chief AMBANG organization said organization completing preparations necessary (to) send group youths to all Latin American universities to lecture on organization's political thesis and tell youth of all Americas that (CIA) betraying current policy of ODYOKE/USA. While USA accepts and supports organization's political thesis of "democratic Left", (CIA) fights against it...C/S (Chief of Station) comment: Cisneros stressed need to prevent penetration of AMBANG group by CIA. Also stated that AMBANG must infiltrate one or more agents into confidence of (CIA)."

104-10179-10419: CONTACT REPORT: MEETING WITH JUAN ESTEVEZ AND JORGE BERUFF AT THE LATTER'S HOME, KEY BISCAYNE, FLORIDA, 13 OCTOBER 1960

10/17/60, Contact Report by Wallace Parlett: "The Cubans said that the AMBANG group was not ready to join AMRASP (FRD Executive Committee); the personal and political differences are too great...PARLETT will assist AMBANG if he is convinced that anti-American and Fidelismo without Fidel charges are not true...(AMBANG) will remain silent on this...The AMBANG organization is highly disciplined...(we remain) somewhat skeptical, like the proverbial burned child; we are primarily concerned with the solution of the problem "after Fidel - what?" and thus are not quite as advanced with our interpretation of the various currents within Cuba as the AMBANG group appears to be."

1993.08.05.10:41:34:710005: HSCA MATERIAL REVIEWED AT HEADQUARTERS -- CUBAN COUNTERREVOLUTIONARY H

The MRP, with many former Castro figures, was known as Fidelismo without Fidel. Organized throughout Cuba by May 1960, with Manuel Ray as its national coordinator. In 11/60, Ray and other leaders left for the USA. Ray became MRP leader in exile, with Cisneros/AMBANG-4 as MRP leader within Cuba. In March 1961, Ray, allegedly without permission from MRP inside Cuba, joined the CRC. Cisneros was sent to Miami to see why supplies not sent to Cuba; Cisneros replaced by Reynol Gonzalez/AMCALL-1. In July, 1961, Ignacio Mendoza/AMBANG-2 was sent to Miami to replace Ray. This led to the split that created JURE. In August-September 1961, MRP conducted a sabotage campaign focusing on Havana City. In October 1961, Veciana's Liboro plan designed to kill Castro ended in failure. Gonzalez was arrested and the MRP never recovered.

180-10141-10365: No Title

After Ray's departure, MRP became a subsidiary of Veciana's Alpha 66. In April 1963, MRP signed a unity agreement with Alpha 66 and the Second National Front of Escambray (SNFE).

104-10269-10058: CABLE RE: IN PRESS INTERVIEW 23 JULY MANUEL RAY ANNOUNCED FORMATION NEW JUNTA REVOLUCIONARIA

July 1962: Ray announced the formation of JURE, after a weekend discussing the plans in New York with Raul Chibas, Dagoberto Ponce, Jose Pena, and others.

HSCA Report, Volume X Current Section: VIII. Junta Revolucionaria Cubana (JURE)

"Ray's group was considered an "autonomous" anti-Castro group by the CIA. The concept of autonomous operations was conceived by Walter Rostow, State Department counsel. Rostow proposed a "track two" approach to Cuban operations to parallel regular CIA-controlled Cuban teams."

104-10274-10148: DISPATCH: OPERATIONAL/JMATE DEBRIEFING OF FATHER BASTARRICA

July 1961 debriefing of Father Julian Bastarrica of the MRP. He discusses the groups that came together to form the MRP in 1960. On this page, he discusses the MRP's role in the bombs at the El Encanto and similar violent activity, saying they did not do these "alone". The final page has a reference to "Reynol"/AMCALL-1, indicating his name has been redacted throughout, as well as the name of a priest that Reynol Gonzalez worked with.

104-10275-10176: Memo: Meeting with Ambang-1

8/2/63: Memo for Record by Alfonso Rodriguez: states that JURE has large chapters in Caracas, Cenezuela and Dallas, Texas. Previous page discusses interest in a San Juan-Caracas-Miami radio link.

124-10220-10332: No Title

3/31/64, SA John Spurgers report to FBI Director: As of 12/6/63 "CIA maintains limited liaison with Manolo Ray, head of (JURE)...CIA is not satisfied with its relationship with JURE because CIA has been unable to determine exactly how the money is being used and if the funds are being properly used. CIA has also found it difficult to develop specific information concerning the inner workings of (JURE). CIA commented it would appreciate the continued receipt of any information which the Bureau might develop or receive concerning JURE...David A. Phillips, CIA, Mexico, advised on 2/17/64 that Julio Lanier Hevia is the representative of JURE in Mexico City (p. 8 of 50)...LUIS MANUEL RODRIGUEZ, a former Rebel Army lieutenant from Santiago de Cuba, and who is known as "Mama Dolores" while a member of Brigade 2506, is serving as an agent of MANOLO RAY in Fort Benning, Georgia. Individuals who are working with RODRIGUEZ are SILAS (or SYLAS) CUERVO CASTILLO and LUIS CLEMENTE BARCENAS SERRANO, both former members of Battalion 7, Brigade 2506 (12 of 50),,,On 10/21/63...(Rogelio Cisneros) stated that the military strategy of JURE is to bring about an internal uprising by coordinating a revolt among approximately 300,000 soldiers in Cuba who, Cisneros claims, are opposed to the Castro regime. (17 of 50)...JURE is planning landings in Cuba in early 1964 and predicts success, because "there is a great deal of sabotage going on in Cuba, because Cubans resent FIDEL CASTRO's complete sell-out to the Russians. (47 of 50)"

Contributors:
Bill Simpich

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