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Oswald in Mexico City


Photograph of an unidentified individual captured on photosurveillance cameras outside the Soviet Embassy in Mexico City in the fall of 1963.

According to the Warren Commission, Lee Harvey Oswald traveled to Mexico City in the fall of 1963, in search of a visa for travel to Cuba and the Soviet Union. He failed in that effort and returned to Dallas, where 7 weeks later he shot President Kennedy.

Allegations of a Cuban or Soviet conspiracy, based on events and stories related to this visit, bloomed in the aftermath of the assassination. They were apparently instrumental in the creation of the Warren Commission, and over the years more and more has trickled out regarding a trip which ultimately remains enigmatic.

The record on Mexico City is wildly muddled and mysterious. Was Oswald impersonated there? Who is the "mystery man" caught by photo surveillance? Why are CIA records on the trip at sharp variance with participant's memories? Were the witnesses who reported events indicating a Communist conspiracy telling the truth, spinning false tales, or perhaps reporting on staged incidents? Did Oswald, or someone pretending to be him, threaten the life of JFK in the Cuban Embassy?

Despite the mysteries, one thing is certain. The events in Mexico City had a profound effect on the federal government's response to the assassination. President Johnson invoked fears of nuclear war in putting together the Warren Commission, finally enlisting a recalcitrant Earl Warren by telling him "what Hoover told me about a little incident in Mexico City."

The Fourteen Minute Gap - A short documentary about an erased Presidential phone call in which Johnson and Hoover a Mexico City impersonator.

Oswald's Visits to the Cuban and Soviet Embassies - Discusses the Oswald embassy visits and the resulting CIA cable traffic.

The Mexico City Tapes - Focuses on recorded telephone conversations of a man using Oswald's name, who was apparently not Oswald.

Valeriy Kostikov and Comrade Kostin - Examines the KGB Department 13 "wet affairs" connection and the curious letter written to a "Comrade Kostin."

Photo Surveillance and the Mystery Man - Looks at the man caught on surveillance cameras, apparently originally thought to be Oswald.

Stories of Communist Conspiracy in Mexico City - Discusses the arrest of Cuban Consulate worker Sylvia Duran, the allegations of Gilberto Alvarado Ugarte, Pedro Gutierrez Valencia, and Elena Garro de Paz, and another event involving suspected Cuban intelligence agent Luisa Calderon.

RESOURCES:

Essays


CIA Files and the Pre-Assassination Framing of Lee Harvey Oswald, by Peter Dale Scott.

A Model of Mexico City, by Joe Riley.

The Fourteen Minute Gap, by Rex Bradford.

The Fourteen Minute Gap: An Update, by Rex Bradford.

The JFK Case: What Informants are Still Out There?, by Bill Simpich.

Fair Play for Cuba and the Cuban Revolution, by Bill Simpich.

Lee Harvey Oswald in Mexico City, by Michael Swanson.

More Mexico Mysteries, by Rex Bradford.

Mexico City: A New Analysis, by John Newman.

Oswald in Mexico, by Arturo Rodriguez.

Overview: The CIA, the Drug Traffic, and Oswald in Mexico, by Peter Dale Scott.

Philadelpha Quakers with Oswald in Mexico City, by Bill Kelly.

Oswald, the CIA, and Mexico City, by John Newman.

The Three Oswald Deceptions: The Operation, the Cover-Up and the Conspiracy, by Peter Dale Scott.

From Grimsby with Love, by Ronald L. Ecker.

What Jane Roman Said, by Jefferson Morley.

Lessons Learned from 40 Years of Coverup, by Rex Bradford.


Mary Ferrell Chronologies

Mary Ferrell Chronologies - Mexico City Trip. Mary Ferrell created a detailed 95-page chronology of events relating to the Mexico City trip.

 
Documents


Warren Report: Mexico City in Appendix XIII: Biography of Lee Harvey Oswald.

HSCA Report, Volume III. Pages 1-319 are devoted to the Oswald visit to Mexico City.

Warren Commission Document 347. CD 347, declassified in the early 1990s, is a memo sent by the CIA to the Warren Commission on 31 Jan 1964, regarding the Oswald trip to Mexico.

Oswald, the CIA, and Mexico City. The "Lopez Report" was written by HSCA staff but not published, and was partially declassified in the mid-1990s.

Russ Holmes Work File. This collection of nearly 50,000 pages of CIA documents contains a great deal of information related to the Oswald Mexico City trip.

ARRB 1995 Releases and ARRB 1996 Releases. The early ARRB document releases from the CIA mostly concern Mexico City.

HSCA Security Classified Testimony. See particularly these depositions:

Warren Commission Hearings & Exhibits, particularly Volume XXV and Volume XXVI

Comments On This Page


    Books of Interest

        Deep Politics II: Essays on Oswald, Mexico, and Cuba
    Peter Dale Scott
    Mary Ferrell Foundation Press, 1996, 2007
     
        Our Man in Mexico
    Jefferson Morley
    University Press, 2008
     
        Oswald and the CIA
    John Newman
    Carroll & Graf, 1995
     
        Live by the Sword: The Secret War Against Castro and the Death of JFK
    Gus Russo
    Bancroft Press, 1998
     
        Oswald, the CIA, and Mexico City
    Dan Hardway and Edwin Lopez
    Mary Ferrell Foundation Press, 2006
     
        The Last Investigation
    Gaeton Fonzi
    Thunder's Mouth Press, 1993
     
        Passport to Assassination
    Oleg Nechiporenko
    Birch Lane Press, 1993
     
        Conspiracy
    Anthony Summers
    Paragon House, 1980

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